FRISC Group - Software Configuration and Problems

Standard paper Sizes

A	8.5x11in.
B	11x17in.
C	17x22in.
D	22x34in.
E	24x44in.
F	28x40in.
A0	841x1149mm
A1	594x841mm
A2	420x594mm
A3	297x420mm
A4	210x297mm


Color Transparencies and Hardcopies on RCS printers

(Atul - 3/10/94) 1. If you have generated a color postscript you can send it to one of the many color printers available on campus. They charge different amounts (appears on your bursar bill) and have to be accessed from their specific computers (this info can change) as mentioned below : 1. lpr -Pvcph3let [$1.25 - from rcs-ibm2] -> VCC (not very good in quality) [letter] 2. lpr -Ptekps [$0.75 - from rcs-ibm1] -> CII 3206 3. lpr -Ptekpst [$1.50 - from rcs-ibm1] -> CII 3206 (same printer as 2 but this is the transparency queue) (both 2 and 3 give very good quality pictures). All of the above (1,2&3) are old printers. RCS has acquired newer models as described below. 4. lpr -Pvc200ovr [$1.00 - from rcs] -> VCC (good quality transparencies - fast too (because of a postscript card, I suppose) 5. lpr -Pvc200let [$1.00 - from rcs] -> VCC 6. lpr -P[ci3116p3/ci3112p3] [$0.30 - from rcs] (in CII 3112/CII 3116/CII 3130) (color hardcopy on plain paper - very fast) 2. To generate transparencies using our standard format I followed this procedure: 1. Generated a single slide on PowerPoint 3.0 on PC. 2. Generated the printer file (print.tmp). 3. FTPed the file "print.tmp" from PC to a UNIX machine. 4. Used IslandDraw (a drawing program available on SCOREC machines - I have an EPII account there) to read in this print.tmp as a template. 5. Generated the desired picture on SUNs and grabbed them using xv. Saved these images as color postscripts. 6. Read in these pictures in IslandDraw on the top of the template. 7. Wrote any caption etc. using IslandDraw's text tools. 8. Saved the whole file as color postscript from IslandDraw and transferred it to RCS and then sent to the printer. NOTE: If you have made Word Slides on PowerPoint then you can send print.tmp (which is a color postscript) itself to RCS printers. Also, before sending anything to color printers I preview it using ghostscript to make sure everything is all right.

How to convert Sun raster files to Mac PICT format?

1. (Bob Philhower - 24 Mar, 93) Sun raster files are generated by various tools including snapshots from the COMPASS design automation tools. Assuming your initial raster file is in the file: sample.ras You can print your raster file using: ON SPARC: rasfilter8to1 -d < sample.ras | suntops | lpr -Pps It can be moved to the Macintosh using: ON SPARC: fbcat -P < sample.ras | /usr/local/bin/pbmplus/ppmtopict > sample.pct mcopy sample.pct a: eject (to eject the disk) ON FRONT OFFICE MAC: mount DOS diskette and move onto MAC diskette; file should have a PICT icon. This file will be readable by MacDraw and PowerPoint. 2. (Atul - 3 Nov, 93) There is a snapshot.. option on the rootmenu on Suns which lets you dump a particular window, or area or the entire screen in a sunraster file.

How to go from the front office scanner (connected to a PC) to the front office Mac (to PowerPoint for example)?

Atul Garg - April 1993 Steps: 1. Save the image in TIFF (.tif extension) on PC after scanning the image. 2. Place it in PageMaker on MAC. You can do the rescaling and brightness/contrast changes here. 3. Cut it from PageMaker. 4. Paste it in PowerPoint. You can also use any software which can read TIFF files (MS Word, Paintbrush etc.) to read the TIFF file first and then copy and paste from that application.

How to move figures from Coreldraw to McDraw ?

(Bob Philhower) MOVING FIGURES FROM CORELDRAW TO MCDRAW 1. Create your figure within CorelDraw and set colors. 2. Within Coreldraw from the File Menu, choose Export, and choose the "Mac PICT" format. Clear the "Include All Artistic Attributes" checkbox. 3. Save the exported file, which must have a .PCT extension onto a floppy. 4. Insert the floppy into the Mac. Do not use the Apple File Exchange or the MacLink. 5. Your file should show up as a MacDraw type icon on that floppy disk. 6. Bring up MacDraw and open the file. Change the text to have the desired fonts (It will all come up in Chicago font.). 7. Save as normal. Note that for PowerPoint use, you must save as a PICT2 format file (to maintain color).

How to move figures from MacDraw (on Mac) to a WordPerfect document on a PC?

(LTC James R. Loy - Sep 24, 92) Document preparers, Experimented with the path going from a MacDraw figure to a WordPerfect document on the PS/2. 1. Take MacDraw figure and perform a "Save as.." 2. On the save menu select the format as .PICT and provide a file name. (Preferably without any suffix) 3. Move the "saved file" onto the hard disk work space. 4. Insert a DOS formatted disk and place the file icon on the disk icon to write it out to the DOS formatted disk. 5. Take the disk to the PS/2 and use the DOS command interpreter to rename the file so that the new extension is ".pct" 6. Go into Corel Draw and "import" the file selecting "PICT" as the incoming format. At this point you will most likely have to edit the text fonts since they do not move well and occasionally get corrupted during the conversions. Once finished with touch-up editing, cut the object out to the windows clipboard. You can also save in the Windows Metafile format and then read it in other softwares (same as the clipboard format). 7. Open your WordPerfect document, move the cursor to the selected insertion point and "paste" in from the clipboard. Usually, (if all has gone well) you can then move and scale the figure as appropriate. This approach seems to produce reasonable results.

How to insert Pictures into MS Word ?

(Hans Greub Mar 28, 93) PostScript files (.ps or .eps) can be converted to a gif (mono,8 colors) file or a pcx (mono, 16, 256 colors) file using the newest version of GostScript (Unix/PC/Mac). The pcx files can be inserted into Word and can be sized and cropped but not rotated! You can also use the clipboard if you install GSWIN (on PCs) to paste in figures but the file size gets quite large depending upon the resolution of the screen.

Getting Pictures from PC to MAC

(Hans Greub - Apr, 1993) A workable path from arbitrary Postscript or any MS-Windows program to Word on the MAC is: PostScript File (.ps or .eps) ->GhostScript (PD PostScript Interpreter) ->PaintShopPro (Sharware Image Converter & Screen Capture Program) Tiff File (compressed bitmap, can be directly read into Word with DOSMounter) Word accepts the compressed Tiff files which reduces the document file size by a factor of 10 to 20! However, the printing of the document takes approximately forever. My test document with 2 pictures created a 2 Meg PostScript file on Word 5.0 (MAC) because the PostScript driver in Word outputs the images in an uncompressed ASCII Bitmap format! I hope the driver in Word 5.1 is smarter. NOTE (by Atul): If MS Word on Mac flags an out of memory message while reading a TIFF file that means you have to assign it more memory in the Get Info section.

Capture the screen in color or encapsulated postscript ?

(Atul Garg - May 24, 1993) "xgrab" which is available on RCS, now makes it possible to capture any screen image (or any part thereof) in postscript (color/greyscale/EPS) format. I have given below instructions on how to do it from VAX/VMS system and UNIX boxes. Instructions on printing it in color are at the end. You are sitting on DEC VAXstations: ----------------------------------- 1. Session manager -> Customize -> Security 2. Add the following names there Node - Username - * Transport - TCP/IP AND/OR Node - Username - * transport - TCP/IP 3. Now open a window and telnet to either or 4. type "setenv DISPLAY" [X = 1,2 or 3 - leftmost station is= 1] 5. type "setup xgrabsc" 6. type "xgrab" to run the program. 7. It opens up a window on your screen and is very user-friendly. 8. You can select any rectangular area on the screen to make a postscript file out of it. 9. See the printing section on how to print these files. You are sitting on a UNIX box (RS6000/Sun): ------------------------------------------- 1. Type "xhost +" in any window. 2. Follow 3-9 from above. Printing: --------- This is the fun part. 1. If you have generated a color postscript you can send it to one of the three color printers available on campus. They charge different amounts (appears on your bursar bill) and have to be accessed from their specific computers (this info can change) as mentioned below : 1. lpr -Pvcph3let [$1.25 - from rcs-ibm2] -> VCC (not very good in quality) 2. lpr -Ptekps [$0.75 - from rcs-ibm1] -> CII 3206 3. lpr -Ptekpst [$1.50 - from rcs-ibm1] -> CII 3206 (same printer as 2 but this is the transparency queue) (both 2 and 3 give very good quality pictures). 4. lpr -Pvc200ovr [$1.00 - from rcs] -> VCC (good quality transparencies - fast too (because of a postscript card, I suppose) 5. lpr -Pvc200let [$1.00 - from rcs] -> VCC 6. lpr -P[ci3116p3/ci3112p3] [$0.30 - from rcs] (in CII 3112/CII 3116/CII 3130) (color hardcopy on plain paper very fast) 2. If you have generated a greyscale postscript you can either ftp it back to and print it out or directly send it to the postscript printers available on RCS. NOTE: You can capture screens now with a much better program called xv (for Xview) available on RCS. See a message about this later in this file.

Better picture grabber available on SUNs (xv)?

Ans. (Atul Garg - May, 1993) The latest version of "xv" available inside /cie3/frisc/sw directory can also grab anything from screen and it can be saved in a variety of formats. It also gives you a facility to rescale the image and place it in a certain part of the page. It doesn't generate EPS though. You can also edit the picture.

Postscript to Rasterfiles

(Atul Garg and LTC James R. Loy) POSTSCRIPT TO RASTERFILES You can use ghostscript to render a postscript file into a portable graymap (pgm) image (or for color use ppm format), which can then be converted into a sun rasterfile using pnmtorast. An example is: gs -g1536x2048 -r200 -sDEVICE=pgm -sOUTPUTFILE=foo.pgm pnmtorast -standard foo.pgm > ! foo.ras NOTE: For color postscripts use ppm instead of pgm. These two commands will create a rasterfile foo.ras from the postscript file For more info, type "gs -help" NOTE : (July 28, 1993) - When you change a color postscript into ppm and then to rast you might not get all the colors. We were not able to get the proper shaded background of PowerPoint. We tried another method. Display using ghostscript and grab and save using xv (into Sunrasterfile format) and it worked (we have to check that).

Problem -> PowerPoint 3.0 (on PC)

Atul - July 25, 93 Importing a color tiff into Powerpoint and then generating a color postscript from PowerPoint changes it into a black and white image (only the tiff part). Problem is probably with the PowerPoint Postscript driver.

Converting a normal ASCII file to postscript (ASCII file lister)

Bob Philhower Apr 6, 93 Anyone who was around in the days of the test chip design remembers the problems we had interpreting MASKAP files. We often confused 0/O and had problems keeping track of file versions. I have a new utility, "listit", which converts an ASCII file into PostScript, adding the filename and print date, and adding a slash through all zeroes. This should save us many hours of headaches during chip turn-around. The program is available on both the SPARC stations and the VMS system. To run it, type: listit myfile1 myfile2.cir The program will create PostScript output files, and, which can be sent to a PostScript printer. (to remind you, the program prints out the output file names.)

How to regenerate a graph (or lineart) from a scanned picture?

Ans. (Atul Garg - I used the following procedure a long time back to trace a VCE vs. IC curve from a fax) Tracing from Rockwell's Fax : ----------------------------- 1. First used Image-in scanner to read line art (let's say at maximum resolution (600 dpi) and sharpness -> smooth. 2. Store it as .PCX file (paintbrush format). 3. Read it using CorelTrace and generate .EPS file as output Trace it as a normal outline (go inside Tracing Options) and give a maximum linewidth of 2 pixels. 4. You can then read a .EPS inside coreldraw and save it in .CDR or .PICT (.PCT on PC) format. Then go inside Mcdraw and modify it. 5. Coreltrace sometimes make polygons instead of lines. It joins two polygons at their edge to approximate a line. But I was successful in getting a reasonable trace. After that save it in PICT format and work on it Mcdraw(if you want to export it to a Mac).

Screen capture on Front Office Mac

Atul Garg - Jun 14, 93 I have installed a shareware program (FlashIt) as a Control Panel document on the Front Office Mac. The algorithm to capture any part of the screen is as follows: 1. Press Apple-Shift-5. 2. You get a cross-hair cursor. Stretch a rectangle around the part you want to grab. 3. It comes back and asks you the file you want to save it in (in PICT format). Look for FlashIt inside Control Panels.

Shooting Pictures from Jack's Camera

(LTC James R. Loy) SHOOTING PICTURES FROM JACK's CAMERA 1. Exposure time - 1/6 sec. 2. Aperture settings - f-4, 4.5,5.6,6.7(between 5 and 7) and 8. 3. It has been noticed (by jloy) that the first one is always dark and the last two are always too bright. So he suggests 4.5 (between 4 and 5),5.6 and 6.7 (between 5.6 and 8).

Convert CIF to postscript on RS/6000s?

(Gunhan Dundar) FLEA (to convert CIF to ps on RS6000s) /usr1/flea/f*/flea -i filename (without extension)

Viewing Postscript files on Sun ?

(Atul Garg) 1. pageview (utility under openwin). 2. ghostscript (type "gs") 3. ghostview ---------------------------------------------------------- You can superpose two postscript files using slitex but margin adjustment is a bit difficult. ---------------------------------------------------------

Some typical Mac things

Atul 1. A program with version number less than 1.0 is a beta version. For example, "BetterLetter 0.98". 2. The only character you can't use is the colon (:), which is reserved by the system to specify folder paths. 3. Best resizing strategies- 24%, 48%, 72%, 96% 4. << >> European quote marks. << --> Option-1 >> --> Shift-Option-1 5. Tall Adjusted - Stretches the printed page horizontally a little bit so circles will become circular once again. 6. On Mac if you want to remove some utility (even if it is installed inside the system file) run its installer. In the customize icon section choose the application name and press option button till the remove icon shows up. This will deinstall the application. Mac Tips 1. Normally, a floppy disk can be ejected by pressing Apple-E. But, it leaves behind a ghost image of the disk on the screen. You can remove it by pressing Apple-Y. Otherwise, press Apple-Y to eject a highlighted floppy (in the first place) and everything will remain kosher. 2. Screen Capture Revisited: Capture4.0 (available from mail-order houses or directly from Mainstay (818)991-6540 for $129.95) can capture any portion of the Mac screen in color, gray scale or b/w. It can store the captured image directly to TIFF4.0,TIFF5.0,PICT or MacPaint files (Clipboard too). FlashIt3.0.2 (a shareware program and available on front office Mac)is not as versatile as Capture4.0 but can save all or portion of the screen to Clipboard, the Scrapbook or PICT files.

Loading film reel into Montage Unit

Date: Fri, 8 Oct 93 14:06:46 -0400 From: garg (Atul Garg) Yesterday night I was looking at the PowerPoint -> Montage Unit process alongside Vincent when I noticed the problem about proper loading of the reel. I finally came up with this idea. Load the film and then open the film cover again to see if it has been loaded properly. If it is then it means you are going to loose only a couple of shots in that reel (forward the camera by pressing shutter manually a couple of times). If the film is not loaded properly then rewind it a little using a screwdriver and try again. I am not sure if anybody tried it before.

Taking snapshots from inside the Compass tools

(Atul Garg) There is a feature in the main menu (right button) in Compass to capture sunraster files from within compass. It prompts you for a file name also.

Thoughts on xv ?

(Cliff Maier - 18 Oct, 1993) I used xv to load the rasterfile (you can also use the grab command button to capture a portion of the screen) and saved it as TIFF. The LZW compressed TIFF is readable by most PC programs, and I was able to load the uncompressed TIFF into PageMaker 4.2 on the Mac. I am going to try to load a PowerPoint PC 3.0 file onto the Mac (Jack's). If that works, everything MIGHT be okay. The rcs version of XV is hwat I was using. (Note: Atul experimented with printing TIFF's from PowerPoint, and you seem to lose the colors (although no inverse video problem.) I don't know how this effects the Montage unit. On the other hand, since I am trying to superimpose floorplan on top of layout, a grey- scale layout isn't so bad. In fact, our Ghostscript preview looked pretty good.)

Powerpoint Slide Setup, Montage Film Requirement, and ImageQ troubleshooting

(McDonald - 8 Oct, 1993) I've just gotten a bunch of slides for the HBT paper back and noticed that imported images are not scaled properly. I surmise that students are not initializing Powerpoint before creating any slides. When using Powerpoint make sure to select 35mm slides in the "Setup Slides Menu" under the "File..." banner. Most of Mr. Nah's slides were wasted this way. Also the fine lines in Powerview are too thin when mapped into a slide. the tiny lines are so filamentary you can't read anything ...together with the oversight on doing "setup slides" these slides are all useless. McDonald - Oct 26, 95 For future reference the Montage Slide maker uses 100 Elite Kodak slide film. I keep some 400 Elite slide film for the regular camera to take room shots of equipment, etc. DON'T USE THIS FILM FOR SLIDES. Pete did and got washed out slides for the GaAs Symposium for the majority of his slides. It's also a good idea not to wait till the last minute to shoot slides. Do some as soon as you have them ready to shoot! Waiting till the last minute can produce some nasty disappointments. Of course the transparencies are a good backup, provided they don't get scratched during transit. IN ANY CASE REMEMBER THAT HC100 FILM IS THE RIGHT FILM FOR THE MONTAGE UNIT File this info in your ROM. McDonald - Oct 24, 1995 After thinking about that PICT PROCESSOR HAS INSUFFICIENT MEMORY message I tried "GET INFO" on the ImageQ slide maker Icon. It has 4MB max defaulted on it so I increased this to 8MB and it appears to work fine. So the problem was something about PPT4 files makes it need more memory in the PICT processor....

Thoughts on Adobe Photoshop

Atul - Mar 17, 94 Photoshop I think can read EPS files (going by their brochure) and edit them. Might be a good idea to read in a chip or something and do some editing (or overlapping text). Check out ghostscript also. I think ghostscript can save files into PICT format. There is a ghostscript version for Mac and PC too.

Thoughts on printing big chips

Atul Graphic Converter 1.7.7 can read HPGL files and convert them to PICT. This then can be read by McDraw and enlarged arbitrary. I have to find out if McDraw can generate color postscript. Mar 17,94 -> Tried Mcdraw on front office Mac. It doesn't generate color ps (it should though - will try to check the problem later). PowerPoint 2.0 on Mac generates color. so it probably is not a system deficiency with McDraw. If we can generate color EPS files (with vector data only) we can enlarge it arbitrarily by changing the bounding box size manually (probably). Ghostscript can be used to covert postscript into lots of other formats. On RCS do "gs -h" to find out more. Construct can generate color postscript out of GDSII files. These files can then be taken to RCS and converted via ghostscript to the calcomp plotter format. A lot of Calcomp plotters use PCI (Plotter Control Interface) as the standard format. Another standard format is HPGL. Ghostview would have let you print nonconsecutive group of pages too.

Remote Printing

From RCS: example: cat | rsh -l garg lpr -Pps (you might need to put the hostname of that machine in your unix.cie .rhosts file) ITS Consultant: The following commands might help you find the memory available on a system: On Suns: /usr/etc/dmesg | grep '^mem' On RS/6000s /etc/lscfg | grep "Memory"

Adobe on SUN workstation...

mcdonald Nov 17, 1993 Adobe Illustrator 3.5 is now available for SUN workstations. Apparently it is fully compatible across platforms to MAC and PS/2 and compatible with FameMaker and WordPerfect on that same platform. Frame was one of the word processors acceptable for ARPA, and apparently export from CADENCE to FRAME is feasible. Also Adobe Photoshop will be coming shortly too on SUN, providing some ability to process TIFF, maybe even screen dumps, outputting EPS directly. This could be a real windfall if we can get a word processor onto our workstations... our front office MAC would be far less taxed around semiannual times....

GDSII -> PostScript (or EPS) -> Mac - printer

Feb 17,94 1. Run plws on mcm. 2. Converters -> GDSII to EPS -> grayscale map (filename - graymap.rpi) 3. Generates EPS file. 4. FTP to Mac (don't give bin option while ftping). 5. Insert in Microsoft Word by Insert -> Picture. 6. If Word 5.1 doesn't read it go via PageMaker. 7. (OR try Adobe Illustrator/Photoshop on Prof. McDonald's Mac). 8. you get a gray box containing EPS in Word and PageMaker


Feb 17,94 1. Run plws on mcm. 2. PLOT -> HPGL.. (doesn't work) 3. Go inside shell (from File Menu). 4. Run hpglplot -P DefaultPlotter -p A -c [cellname] >! file.hpgl Here -p option asks for pagesize (A.B.C.D etc.). -c option is the cell name. You can get the top level cell or any other cell from GDSII file. Top level cell is also available from the PLOT -> HPGL window. It doesn't generate color because I don't know how the pen etc. are set up. * there is a layermap file which tells plws what colors to use


Feb 17, 94 1. From inside vtitools or shell run plot. 2. set input file (e.g., input [cp]schmitt) 3. set output file (e.g., output schmitt.hpgl) 4. set device (device hp-A) 5. say, DEVICE ? to get all the options. 6. type PLOT to generate the HPGL (or whatever device you specified) 7. You can specify ps too but it doesn't generate color ps. 8. Transfer this file to VMS. 9. ON VMS (not from VAX stations) copy schmitt.hpgl txa6: 10. This HPGL file can also be read by IslandDraw (on SCOREC machines) and other PC/MAC based softwares. IslandDraw can convert it into color postscript if you save it as a printer file(it can export in TIFF and EPSF and EPSI). But PC based systems (CORELDRAW etc.) can probably generate color postscripts out of it (not tried by me). 11. I think, CONSTRUCT (either the present version or the new version, which is lying with Dave) can also generate color plots (HPGL and/or postscript). 12. The PLOT command is explained in CORE I manual.

HPGL -> CORELDRAW -> Print -> postscript (color)

* tried reading HPGL (*.hgl) files from PowerPoint but it hung.

FTPing Compact Pro compressed .sea files to Unix

1. First run Compact Pro - available in the HGREUB:Utilities:comp./decomp. directory on the front office Mac (Note: Mac uses colon (:) instead of a more common backslash (\) to delimit filenames). - Go inside Archive menu and add the file(s) to be archived. - Press done after adding the file(s). - Go inside File menu. - Click on Save As... - Save the file as a self-extracting-archive (.sea) - Compact Pro will start the compression now. - Quit when it is done. 2. Now you have a .sea file which you have to ftp to a Unix system. 3. Login to Unix using NCSA Telnet and ftp the file to Unix. - To ftp .sea files to Unix make sure "Macbinary Enabled" option is selected in the file menu (inside NCSA Telnet program). - Now when you say "bin" inside ftp(on Unix) it will report that Macbinary is enabled. This is the proper way to transfer a macbinary file (with icon information). 3, To transfer these application files (all the self extracting files are known as applications) back to the Mac, enable Macbinary again. This you should do to make sure what you did in the earlier steps is right. Extract the file from the archive and you should see a word file with the proper icon. 4. If everything is fine then you can uuencode the Unix file to mail/ftp it or ftp the binary files directly in "bin" mode. 5. Send a message to the other party to make sure when they download the file to their Mac they switch on the Macbinary option on their Mac and type "bin" at the Unix side too.

FTPing/Emailing MacBinary files

Atul - Aug 1, 94 1. Sometimes people at the other end may goof up uudecoding compact pro archives (done using the previous method) sent via e-mail. Another (and more easily followed) method is to use binhex4.0 (on the front office Mac in the directory HGREUB/Utilities/(Comp./decomp.) - the program can also be downloaded by anonymous ftp from to convert a file into hex (.hqx), 2. Binhex works like uuencode. It converts the Mac file into a hex (.hqx) file. 3. ftp it to Unix(in normal mode), and mail it. 4. On the other end, the person can ftp it back to a Mac and use binhex4.0 again to convert it back to a Macbinary file. Compact pro (and probably stuffit ) also can read/write binhex stuff. A macbinary file contains both data and resource information (i.e. icon info etc.).


Now there is a utility available on RCS (ps2epsi) which will convert ps files to EPSI (encaps. postscript with a preview image). This will increase it size though. If you want to remove this preview then delete the lines between "begin preview" and "end preview".

Postscript printing from workview is really bad

Atul Although, workview generates a good postscript file for printing on one page but if you tell it to expand it to be printed on more than one page, it messes it up and the result is what Nah used to give to you. Though, you can get a good printout from the hp plotter. I have put one on your door (the old register file) - slow one). workview generates an EPS file for ps printing. I am going to figure out how to use some external software to expand this eps onto multiple pages. we need to do it only when we do some major change in the layout.

Adobe Photoshop

Atul - June 24,94 Adobe Photoshop 2.5 was tried for making slides. It has the following shortcomings: 1. Since it is used to manipulate images it doesn't have much support for vector graphics. For example, once you draw a line or write text you can't edit them (e.g., shortening the line or modifying the text). To delete/modify them you have to do that now on a pixel basis. 2. Although it trumpets reading EPS it can read only the Adobe Photoshop/Illustrator EPS format which probably is very restrictive. It could not read xv generated PS. Though, Adobe developed postscript. 3. Image processing stuff is good. You can separate colors in a image etc..

Multiple file deletion on Mac

Atul - Aug 3, 94 This is a standard feature on system 7. For the front office Mac I have installed a utility called "Disktop" as a desk accessory (you can access it from the apple menu on the left). This will let you find files with extensions etc. and delete them with one keystroke. I got the software as part of a book and am legally permitted to use it for free.

Annotating/embellishing a grey/color picture (e.g. saved with xv on a workstation)

Atul - Aug 94 If you try to import an xv saved picture (greyscale/color) into MS Word it works fine. But if you try to edit it, either in word or in McDraw it reduces the number of colors to eight. This can result into some parts of your picture disappearing as they are converted into black. Three solutions come to my mind: 1. Save the picture as B/W dither from xv. This will reduce the colors at the source in such a way that you don't lose complete parts of the picture. You will lose clarity. 2. OR, paste the greyscale/color picture into GIFconverter (on Mac) and convert it into a B/W dither there (option under image menu)). 3.OR, import the greyscale/color picture from xv into a better software like CORELDRAW(PC)/CANVAS(MAC) and annotate the picture there. Then import it into Mac.

Compress File exchange among Mac <-> PC <-> SUNs

Atul - Oct 6, 94 Using ZipIt (Mac), PKZip and Pkunzip (PC), and unzip (Unix) we can transfer files from one platform to another using zip format. At the time of this writing, I am not sure about the Unix utility which can compress files in zip format. PS: MacCompress(Mac) can compress/uncompress files using Lempel-Ziv coding (compatible to Unix compress/uncompress utilities). PPS: While using ZipIt on Mac to compress a word file make sure that you don't transfer it in MacBinary (the circle in front of the file name should be hollow) if you want to unzip it using PKunzip on PC and use word on PC.

Black & White Printout of the Slides

Hans - 13 Oct 94 Please get a black & white printout of your slides today to Jack and give me a copy. For those who have not printed out slides the following hints might help. 1) Select Master Slide and set background color to white Change the coloring of your titles and slides to black & white and save the file as bw.....ppt. 2) In slide setup choose 8.5x11 3) Select print 3.1) In print dialog menu select print to file and black & white 3.2) In print dialog menu select printer & options The printer should be ibm4029 and the encapsulated postscript option must be turned off! 3.3) print the file and save the file on a floppy. 4) Either print out the file or preview it on Ghostscript (gs) on the sun. If your slides include large tif images use gs rather than blocking the printer for a long time. Please post any improvements to the procedure outlined above.

Direct printing from Prof. McDonald's mac is now possible"

Atul - 30 Nov, 94 For years we have been spending 5-10% of our semiannual preparation time trying to print from CIE macs. There is finally a product out on the market called InterPrint ($78.00 educational price) which lets you print over TCP/IP networks. I have installed a demo copy and now you can print directly to any printer available on CIE network. BTW, I have just realized that we can print color postscript from PowerPoint onto any RCS color printer any time because those printers are accessible from this Mac. The algorithm to print on any CIE printer is as follows 1. Go inside Chooser (inside apple menu on top left). 2. Select InterPrint icon. 3. This will show three printer names inside the RHS box. 4. The names are "4th floor" (printer on 4th floor), "front office" (printer inside front office), and "ps" (printer inside CIE VAX room). 5. Click on any of the above printer. 6. Now you can print from inside any application just by clicking on Print.... The same printing capability has been added to the sun-room mac too. InterPrint works only with LaserWriter 7.1.2 (in Extension folder) and doesn't work with LaserWriter 8 or above, and with QuickDraw GX. Though, I have requested InterCon to add those features in its future releases.


mcdonald - Feb 13, 1995 >From Mon Feb 13 16:03:11 1995 In article <3h2f5h$>, Stanley Rabinowitz writes: |>Re: my question on how to turn a PostScript file |>into a gif file. |> |>Many of the replies I have been getting involve |>interaction, using a mouse, etc. |>This is not what I am looking for. |> |>I have a black and white PostScript file, so the |>-sDEVICE=gifmono switch suffices. |> |>However, this is part of a cgi script that runs |>automatically and is trying to produce a www html file |>on the fly. The html file has an embedded graphic in the |>form of a gif file. |> |>Thus, I need a way to automatically convert the PostScript |>file to a gif file with no human intervention. |>The -g200x200 switch will let me crop the image to |>a reasonable size, as opposed to it being a full page. |>It would be better if there were a way to crop the image |>to its actual size. |> |>- stan - |> |> Take a look at the fm2html package. It includes a Postscript to gif script that runs without interaction and also supports automatic cropping. The author is Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner ( Wolfgang


Russell Kraft - Mar 31, 1997 Using Microsoft's Internet Assistant for Word tool, Word files can be converted to HTML with much less effort than manually or by using other tools (HoTMetaL, PageMill, etc.), however, the process is far from perfect and downright buggy in some cases. There are a number of step the user can take before attempting to convert files that will vastly increase the quality of the HTML file format and layout as well as the probability of a successful conversion. There are a number of hidden or unnoticed problems in the original Word file that will not show up until the HTML file is examined carefully. These include problems with characters in certain fonts, text formatting and style, and figures converted to GIF format for HTML compatibility. 1. Microsoft Word styles must be followed exactly. Although a heading or paragraph may appear to match the correct style used in the rest of the document, in Word it may be defined as a different style that has been altered in the particular section. For example, a heading may match "Heading 2" in the rest of the document in font, size, indent, etc., while in fact it has been defined as "Heading 1". The IA converter does not check how it actually looks, it uses the defined style only and will convert it to look as the rest of the officially defined styles in the document. In this example, the heading that matched "Heading 2" originally would end up incorrectly looking like "Heading 1" in the HTML document. Solution: make sure all text sections in the original document match their defined styles before using the IA tool to convert them. 2. Try to use only Times fonts in the original document. Many other fonts do not exist in HTML and subsequently, any characters defined in other fonts are simply left out of the converted file without any warning whatsoever. Also, some of the extended characters in existing fonts are not defined in HTML. Symbol font is one such font not defined in HTML at all. Unfortunately, Times doesn't have many Greek characters included in its set that will convert to HTML (only and ) so any Greek letters need must be inserted in the text using the Word equation editor, whose symbols or equations are converted into GIF images that are embedded in the text at the correct position automatically by IA. Solution: use the Word Search tool to find any Symbol or non-Times fonts and replace them with equations if necessary. 3. Microsoft IA Word's HTML viewer is not accurate. The viewer does not display the document on the screen the same way a web browser such as Netscape will. There are many formatting and layout differences. If you want an accurate representation of how the file will appear to users in their browsers, use Netscape or another browser to view the document periodically as it is being developed or its final version using the URL example "file:///harddrive/path/filename filling in the actual hard drive name and full path to the file. Solution: periodically save the HTML file you are editing with IA and then switch to your browser to view the file on your disk (using the 'Reload' command in your browser to update to the latest, just saved version. 4. Some figures (line drawings or even pixel images) do not get converted to GIF properly. Errors appear in the converted files, usually in the form of a few raster lines being repeated in the image and a few raster lines being left off the bottom or end of the figure. This is a repeatable bug in the conversion program and the same problem will appear every time in the same place every time the same image is converted. Solution: the GIF image may be edited in a Photoshop like program to delete the repeated raster lines and move the rest of the image up or manually convert the original figure to GIF using the program that created it originally of some other converter program. 5. Some GIF files cause problems when transferring them to the WWW server. Occasionally the GIF images could not be transferred to the Unix server using Fetch and FTP. Apparently some characters in the file were confused with the transfer protocol commands and resulted in premature termination of the file transfer resulting in incomplete files on the server. The images of the files were truncated when viewed by the web browser. In some cases it wasn't very noticeable because only a few raster lines were left off the bottom of the image, but in others, a significant part of the image had been deleted. Solution: a UUENCODE/UUDECODE sequence was necessary to encode the file before transferring and decoding the file after receiving it on the Unix system. On the Macintosh, UULite 1.6 could perform the encoding operation. Fetch or FTP could then transfer the problematic file. And finally, running uudecode on the file in the Unix system resulted in a proper GIF file.

Subject: BBN slate

garg - Mar 9, 1995 Horrible. The idea seems very good. But you can't do anything good. For example, I tried to copy/paste within a spreadsheet but it copied the whole spreadsheet and made another one.

A review of ZIP drive

Iomega has released a new removable-media technology that brings expandable storage into almost everyone's price range. The Zip drive costs only $199 mail order, and its 100 MB cartridges cost about $20 each; half the cost of the least expensive SyQuest and Bernoulli drives, and one-quarter to one-half the cost of media for those units. The OOBE ("out of the box experience") with the Zip drive gives a promising first impression. It's small (about the size of an external floppy drive), lightweight (about one pound), and an attractive navy blue. The disks are slightly larger than a 3.5" floppy, twice as thick, and fit in a pocket. A closer look reveals several gotchas. The drive has a non- standard, 25-pin SCSI connection rather than the usual 50-pin; you can only set the drive's SCSI ID to 5 or 6; the power adapter - which weighs considerably more than the drive - blocks access to adjacent outlets on a power strip; and the drive has no power switch - if the drive is plugged in, it's on. This can be dangerous in SCSI devices; if you use a Zip drive, be sure to make all SCSI connections **before** plugging it in. The Zip drive does have switchable termination, so you can put it anywhere in the SCSI chain with the right cables, but due to the 25-pin connector and limited SCSI ID choices, if you have several SCSI devices, you may have to spend some time switching cables and IDs around before the Zip drive will work as a member of your overall system. You must install a driver before Zip cartridges will mount, but Iomega includes a "Guest" application that temporarily loads the Zip driver into RAM, enabling you to mount cartridges without running the installer and rebooting. Iomega's Tools program helps with formatting, checking, write protecting, and read/write protecting the cartridges. The write protection can only be changed via the software (there's no write-protect tab on the disks), so if you lock a disk you can't unlock it without the Tools application. Also, if you read/write protect a disk and forget the password, you're out of luck. Using the drive is a pleasant experience - it runs fairly quietly with negligible spin up and spin down times. Although it's not as fast as a hard drive, the Zip drive definitely runs faster than a floppy disk or CD-ROM. In my unscientific testing, I estimate its read and write speeds are 75 percent those of my hard drive. Iomega claims a 29 millisecond average seek time, and 60 MB/minute sustained throughput. I find the speed fast enough that I comfortably use the Zip cartridges as unlimited hard disk storage expansion for less frequently used applications and documents. For example, a Zip cartridge works well for storing all those files that come on CD-ROMs that you are supposed to copy to your hard disk for faster performance. Most of these files are only a couple megabytes in size, but as your CD collection grows, your hard disk shrinks. Now you can copy those files to a 100 MB Zip cartridge, and insert the cartridge as needed. Backup becomes a breeze. Instead of swapping in and out a hundred floppy disks, you can back up a normal-sized hard disk to two or three Zips, and Iomega even bundles a simple backup program with the Zip drive. As an added bonus for me, the Zip drive is portable enough to use for moving large files between home and office. The Zip drive has a one year warranty, and the media carry a lifetime warranty. If you can get past the SCSI limitations, it may be the bargain answer to your backup, archive, and hard disk expansion needs. But remember: this is a new implementation of technology, and only time will tell of its long term reliability. Iomega Corporation -- 800/697-8833 -- 801/778-3000 801/778-3748 (fax) -- >From Thu Sep 14 17:52:22 1995 The standard ZIP installation disk sent to people ordering a ZIP disk for IBM compatibles will not work on real IBM machines, and possibly some of the compatibles also. One has to ftp a file called IOSCSI.EXE from the following e-mail address... This must be executed while in DOS after copying it off the net or from a floppy (i.e. you must execute it on the Hard Drive). Then you must launch Windows and execute a:startup with the ZIP installation disk you got with the disk. The IOSCSI.EXE inflates by decompression. It is 1.06 MB before decompression. Anyway if you do these two executions in the order I mentioned here you should have a working ZIP on the IBM. Now, to go back and forth between the IBM and MAC you need to use only the IBM formatted ZIP disk...yes they did make two different ZIP disks unfortunately and have preserved the differences...but PC EXCHANGE on the MAC can apparently deal with the problem. However the MAC disk will not read at all on an IBM machine. The software tells you that the disk drive is empty! So you can go back and forth but only on the ZIP disk formatted for the IBM world.

EPS files from DOS to MAC?

> > From: Peter Lerup > Date: 5 May 1995 18:33:43 GMT > Organization: Alfa Laval Automation > Newsgroups: comp.lang.postscript > References: 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 > ------------------------------------------------------------------------ > > > > > >Only problem is I don't have a Mac. I guess I should have specified > >that I'm looking for something that runs under Windows or UNIX. > >Unless PS2EPS+ could be ported to one of these platforms??? > >-- > > Depending on whether your MAC EPS files have a Macintosh (PICT) preview > or not you can use the following methods to do the conversion: > > * No preview, plain text Postscript file > No problem, just transfer the plain Postscript textfile to a PC or UNIX > machine and use Ghostscript and GSView/Ghostview to do the conversion. > Batch conversions can be made in BAT files in DOS or scripts in UNIX. > > * EPS file with Mac preview > The best solution is if you on the source Macintosh use PC-Exchange > (handles DOS formatted floppies on Mac) and copy the EPS-files to a > DOS-formatted floppy. This floppy could then be read directly by > Ghostscript or GSView on the PC. In this case it doesn't matter if the > EPS file has a Mac preview or not. > > On the other hand if your Mac files are in the macbinary format with a > Mac preview then it might be a problem. You then need some way to remove > the Mac preview either on the Mac or at the PC. > > Hope this helps > /Peter > > ========= > Peter Lerup > Internet: CompuServe: 100136,2165 > =========

lpr from frisc,xilinx etc..

If the file is bigger than a megabyte the lpr from these machines is unable to transfer the file completely to the -Pps printer. In such cases (filesize >> 1 MB) do it from unix.cie. OR, I think even from Unix give the command -> lpr -s

IPL facilities

To output to the Polaroid camera... 1. Use 100 speed film only. 2. For SUN rasterfiles, type lpr -v -Pci To output to the SPARC printer (ask him if he means color), type lpr -v -Psp NOTE (ATUL - May 11, 94) - The IPL slidemaker now accepts postscript files directly (haven't tested yet, though). Subject: dvsr (recording on a digital video recorder) DVSR is currently on The dvsr is used to display a captured sequence of images. Step 0: Login on Step 1: Create 24-bit sun rasterfiles use rasttopnm <8bitfile.ras> | pnmtorast -24 > <24bitfile.ras> Step 2: sequencevte -r eia_p3c file1 file2 ... or sequencevte -r eia_p3c file* (use when you have a numbered sequence of files. The files would be entered in the same sequence as displayed by the Unix 'ls file*' command) this is a shellfile written by Naveen (student of John Woods). This loads the specified image sequence onto the DVSR. Step 3: sequencevte automatically invokes dvsrdo, which is the interactive control utility for the DVSR. Here is a list of useful DVSR commands: iras /dir see if machine is really up idir to display the directory of sequences on DVSR iset /raster=EIA_P3C puts up correct raster to display sequence on the Mitsubishi Diamond scan monitor iset /raster=tf_ccir_u puts up correct raster to display sequence on the standard SONY monitor idis (1,1:2,1,#frames) displays sequence idel deletes a sequence >From shell: dvsrdo dvsr_checkin Use to free up dvsr (useful when it says it is busy...use only when nobody else is using the dvsr..) dvsrd_reset If DVSR hangs, 1. press reset button in DVSR 2. type dvsrd_reset on escher Notes regarding the u-matic VCR: Wire up the patch bay as follows: lower rows are inputs, upper rows are outputs DVSR out ---> Mavigraph low-Res Mavigraph out --> u-matic input u-matic output to Sony a monitor On the SONY keypad connected to the MAVIGRAPH, press FRAME/FIELD and FULL/SPLIT together to get rid of annoying text at the bottom .... Use the "insert video" and "assemble video" modes to concatenate sequences..

DataExplorer on RCS

The Data Explorer package is available for now on the IBM workstations. You can setup this package by typing the command: setup dx-1.2.2 at the Unix prompt. You can view the man packages for information on this package. I believe that this package is available only on a trial basis for now.

Accessing 8mm tape drive

1. To create and save files to a new archive tar -cvf /dev/rmt0 can be a directory like /home/teja or stuff selected using wildcards... 2. To see a listing of files in the current tape archive tar -tvf /dev/rmt0 3. To extract files from an archive tar -xpvf /dev/rmt0 for other options relating to appending to a current archive, check the man pages...

RS6000 login configuration

Bob open xinit >& /dev/null The "open" command does some magic so that the window manager "mwm" can exit X-windows when it exits. The ">& /dev/null" traps the error messages from xinit (usually printed on exit) and ignores them. In my ".login" file, I follow this command with the "logout" command so that when I exit X-windows, my session logs off the workstation.

Memory Size Determination on Unix

-Sanjay ITS Consultant The following commands might help you find the memory available on a system: On Suns: /usr/etc/dmesg | grep '^mem' On RS/6000s /etc/lscfg | grep "Memory"

SLIP connection to RCS from Home

For mac: Inside MacTCP ------------- 1. Click on VersaTermSLIP 2. Click on More.. 3. Select Server on top left. 4. Do not worry about Gateway address (normally it shows 5. The subnet mask should be 6. Inside the Domain name server stuff (note the "." at the end) (There are two addresses. Click on the top one as the default) 7. Close MacTCP Now dial 276-7989 to get a SLIP connection with your VersaTerm software. You should dial at 8bits/no-parity, CSLIP (compressed SLIP), and at the highest baud rate possible. Don't worry about the IP address etc. here. It will all be taken from MacTCP automatically. Inside VersaTermLink you can setup some server information (from inside Network Menu) if you want to read news etc. You can type the following server names: NNTP : SMTP: POP3: Once you get SLIP active you can run NCSAMosaic , Fetch etc. RCS has recently installed a new Xyplex modem at 276-7989 and service is much better. I recommend manual login and then setting "set port ip cslip enable".

Printing problems from CIE PCs

Atul I have saved a set of autoexec.bat and config.sys in the /bigtmp/IBMroomPC directory. Whenever that PC gives a problem just swap those two files. Right now it works fine.

FPU not installed

Jyri - Sep 11, 1995 Hi, Myra forwarded your mail to me and asked me to respond to you. I'm assuming that what happened was that the "bomb" window popped up and said "floating point coprocessor not installed, [restart]." As you know, the older macs often consisted of the CPU and the Math Coprocessor. Many programmers wrote code that directly addressed the coprocessor, be it a separate one, or integrated within the 68040 chip. Unfortunately, this is contrary to Apple design specs. They are supposed to write code which instead calls upon the system "SANE" instruction set, which "knows" the particulars of the machine and processor, since the programmers could not anticipate later architectures, chips, and code, and the SANE set is automatically updated with each machine. Thus, many applications cause this error when they try and address a coprocessor that is not present, even if the new CPU is so fast that it far outpaces any of the old math chips. There is a control panel available called "SoftFPU" which redirects all the coprocessor instructions back into the SANE instruction set. We have it for free at the product center. It is shareware. It should solve this problem. There is the alternate possibility that the error could be something else. I have seen this error occur randomly before. If it is consistent it is most likely for real. You may try to boot with the extensions off, by holding down the shift key through the boot process until the window appears and says "Welcome to Macintosh. Extensions Off", and then try and run the program. SoftFPU should solve the problem, or otherwise check with the program author for an update/patch. Hope this helps,

Automatic Propagation of DISPLAY variable

Shiva - Oct 25, 1993 We have solved this problem on RCS. We use an application called 'rterm'. Setup rterm and read the man page. You can copy the rterm shell script from /campus/X11/R4/rterm/1.3/@sys/bin/rterm on RCS. It should work just fine. All you will have to do is add a few lines to your shell's startup script. The man page will tell you what to put in your .login or .bash_profile script, to help automatically propagate the DISPLAY envariable.

Semiannual Style

Hans - April 18, 1995 Use the following formatting rules: -use style normal for paragraphs -use styles heading1 .. heading3 for section titles -put in figure and table captions with insert caption. -frame each figure or table including its caption. -turn off the borders on your figures and frames in the format borders menu. -use insert cross-reference to reference your figures and tables. Figure and Table numbers start from 1 in each section. For example in section 1 you might have Figure 1.1, Figure 1.2, and Table 1.1 etc.

Microsoft setup problems on PC

Matt - Oct, 1995 Microsoft setup program interferes with the video driver on PC. So make sure the driver is set for plain simple VGA before installing anything. Atul - Feb, 1996 To install Office on PC make sure that you have selected the plain VGA driver inside Control Panels -> PC Setup -> Driver (VGA) on Mac side. Also select the plain VGA driver on the PC side by going inside Windows Setup. Otherwise Office Setup will crash at random. Pete - Oct 1995 (on a related problem of installing from original disks) The official word from Apple is that the non-standard higher-density format that Microsoft uses is causing the problem. Therefore, the solution is to either ask M'soft for standard-formatting disks or a CD.

PC Exchange supersedes DOS Mounter

Atul - Oct 26, 95 Apple has started bundling PC Exchange with 7.5 and later which does the same thing as DOS Mounter. The Mac combo have PC exchange installed only. The reason was that DOS Mounter and PC exchange don't work together. Again, this means that PC exchange will not recognize icons written by DOS mounter and vice versa. The new version of PC exchange (2.0.x) can read ZIP disks. --------- I think I have found a way to share your color printer whenever it is needed. This way one can directly print from the SUN room mac to the printer in your room. In fact, with the proper drivers installed one can even send stuff directly to the montage unit. Atul PowerPC 601 ----------- 2.8 million transistors 32 K cache 64 bits data bus 11 mm x 11 mm die size 68040 ----- 1.2 million transistors 8 K cache 32 bits data bus 14.5 mm x 15.5 mm die size Upgrading Macs -------------- Chipping - Yank out the Mac's oscillator and solder in a faster one. It will cost $20 in parts and on some machines it'll actually boost performance by about 20%. Look at this home page for more info. This method is not recommended though. You're likely to thrash your motherboard unless you are experienced at doing this. Accelerator Cards - They don't come cheap but usually they offer the lowest-cost solution. Most people know how they work by now. You plug a daughtercard in your Mac's expansion slot and it takes over for your old CPU. If you buy a new Mac you will have to worry about your investment in the RAM on your old Mac. Though there are a one or two products on the market that can adapt old-style SIMMs for use on thoroughly modern Macs. 1. PSPICE - PSPICE makes a file called msim.ini in your home directory. The file is readable and contains a lot of checkpoint stuff for the program. If you ever find the program behaving weirdly delete this file and restart the program. You can also look at this file to see what is causing the problem. 2. Quickcap - If there are more than one node names for the same node then Quickcap names the node with the one occurring first in the CIF file. 3. Here's an excerpt from some X related info that may be relevant ... You will find that most vendors will tend to just use the DISPLAY environment variable to determine the display of their applications. This is certainly the case with Sun and Silicon Graphics. One exception to this rule is IBM. With IBM's AIX applications you have to specify a -display command line parameter. 4. The CIF command to denote a circle is R diameter xcenter ycenter; when you use this command in a CIF file and look at it inside Layout Editor on Compass it will show this circle using 12,24,36 or 48 sided polygons as specified in the setup menu. Now if you edit something and make CIF again from misc. menu it saves these circles (originally R command) using a P command (for polygons) and write out all the vertices of a 12,24,36 or 48 sided polygon depending upon the case. That means you have to again convert from P command to R command if you want to present your file elegantly. The P command increases the size of the CIF file. From Wed Mar 8 23:53:06 1995 Xess seems to have a problem with displaying more than 5 data sets or there is a limit on maximum number of data pom points. From Wed Mar 8 23:55:42 1995 Subject: matlab graph capability Matlab sucks in its ability to display legends. If you want to display legends you have to use gtext option and point them by hand on the screen. This doesn't give you a good alignment or spacing. From Mon Mar 27 15:31:14 1995 look at A0-GND and A0-A0BAR capacitance. Then the equivalent capacitance to ground is A0-GND + A0-A0BAR From daemon Thu Dec 1 17:55:38 1994 Date: Thu, 1 Dec 94 17:55:36 -0500 From Tue Oct 31 11:11:07 1995 Received: by (Sendmail 8.6.12/950620.JB) id PAA05923; Tue, 31 Oct 1995 15:04:11 GMT Received: from by (Sendmail 8.6.12/950620.JB) with SMTP id KAA05917; Tue, 31 Oct 1995 10:04:04 -0500 X-Mailer: InterCon TCP/Connect II 2.2.3b15 Mime-Version: 1.0 Message-Id: <> Date: Tue, 31 Oct 1995 10:04:01 -0500 From: "Michael W. Wellman" To: Subject: Re: Floating point co-processor? Content-Type: Text/Plain; charset=US-ASCII Content-Disposition: Inline Sender: Precedence: bulk Reply-To: Status: RO I hate to sound like a broken record...however, like the infamous System Error 11 (Miscellaneous Hardware Exception Error), most "Floating Point Coprocessor Errors" are a side effect of the System 7.5.1/System 7.5.2 General Control Panel problem. As I've stated before, the General Control Panel has an incorrect understanding of the PRAM and, as a result, can write invalid data into the PRAM. This problem is only manifested at boot time. So, if you're seeing this error at seemingly random times, I'd suggest: 1) Rebooting your machine 2) Removing the General Control Panel 3) Rebooting your machine and zapping the PRAM 4) Rebooting your machine once more for paranoia's sake Now, it's entirely possible that we've inadvertently made a call somewhere that depends upon having a floating point coprocessor; however, we've gone through great lengths in the past to avoid doing so and will, no doubt, continue to do so in the future. If the above steps don't apply to you or applying them doesn't resolve your seeing the problem, let us know so we can investigate your situation in more detail. mikel - Michael W. Wellman Senior Software Engineer InterCon Systems Corporation From Tue Oct 31 14:53:12 1995 Received: by (Sendmail 8.6.12/950620.JB) id SAA14334; Tue, 31 Oct 1995 18:53:59 GMT Received: from by (Sendmail 8.6.12/950620.JB) with SMTP id NAA14325; Tue, 31 Oct 1995 13:53:52 -0500 X-Mailer: InterCon TCP/Connect II 2.2.3b18 Mime-Version: 1.0 Message-Id: <> Date: Tue, 31 Oct 1995 13:53:46 -0500 From: "Scott Thomason" To: Subject: Re: MacTCP Prep and DNR Content-Type: Text/Plain; charset=US-ASCII Content-Disposition: Inline Sender: Precedence: bulk Reply-To: Status: RO > Do remember to write down all the miscellaneous -- however that's > spelled -- settings in the MacTCP control panel; the control panel is > just a UI for the information that's actually kept in the MacTCP DNR > and MacTCP Prep files, so you stand to lose all the info there if > you throw the files away; alternatively, use something like > MacTCP Switcher to save the settings. Well, Yes and No. MacTCP does store configuration info in the MacTCP Prep file, but it also stores it in it's own resource fork as well so you won't lose your configuration. I don't know why it does this, but this is why if you're having problems with MacTCP it sometimes helps to re-install it from the original disks. The MacTCP DNR file, to the best of my reckoning, contains the code to resolve hostnames into IP addresses. However, if it doesn't exist, MacTCP will automatically recreate it. Regards, Scott _______________________________________________________________ Scott Thomason - Technical Support Engineer - InterCon Systems --------------------------------------------------------------- Rip into the Internet with NetShark - From Tue Oct 31 17:13:59 1995 Date: Tue, 31 Oct 95 18:14:08 0000 From: Atul Garg Organization: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute X-Mailer: Mozilla 1.1N (Macintosh; I; PPC) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Re: lpr (access printer via TCP/IP) for Macintosh? X-Url: Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Status: RO (Jeffrey S. Koplik) wrote: >In article , > (Kai Koehler) wrote: > >> >> The InterPrint Demo contains a *free* Utility called "lpr send", which >> works far faster than the old "lpr 1.2" available on info-mac. I use it >> since several months. >> >> Kai > >It's too bad that Apple has not ported its LPR Printer Driver (available >with MAE) to desktop Macs. It eliminate a lot of problems for Mac users >on heterogeneous networks. > >-- >Jeff Koplik ( From Fri Oct 27 11:21:04 1995 Date: Fri, 27 Oct 95 11:30:21 -2400 To: Mime-Version: 1.0 X-Mailer: Mozilla/1.0N (Macintosh) Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit Subject: X-Url: Status: RO > PostScript monthly FAQ v2.4 07-18-95 [01-04 of 11] > > > > > 1.3 How can I print just one page or a few pages from a big > document? How can I print pages in reverse order? > > Try using a host-specific program, like the UNIX command psrev, > which is part of the TranScript suite of software from Adobe > Systems. Or use the more general utilities Ghostview, psutils or > psxlate. > > There is no guarantee that a given PostScript document can be split > in such a manner. The reason is that some programs which generate > PostScript code don't conform to the Adobe Document Structuring > Conventions (DSC). (See Section 9, ``Encapsulated PostScript''.) A > notable example of this is Microsoft Word. > > > > > From Sat Oct 28 13:02:48 1995 Date: Sat, 28 Oct 95 13:12:07 -2400 To: garg Mime-Version: 1.0 X-Mailer: Mozilla/1.0N (Macintosh) Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit Subject: Removing CTRL-D from postscript files X-Url: Status: RO Here is a blurb on removing that unwanted CTRL-D from the beginning of postscript files generated on PCs > > 2.9 What's the control-D business? > > PostScript printers communicating over serial lines use control-D > as an end of job indicator. The host computer should then wait for > the printer to send a control-D back to indicate that the job has > finished. Managing the serial protocol between host and printer > should be done by some form of print service, but if you're unsure > whether your print service is doing it, it's an idea to send one > yourself. > > PC type computers frequently do not have any kind of printer > manager and applications end up sending control-D characters to the > printer, sometimes before and after a job. PC applications > frequently embed a control-D as the first character in the print > file, presumably to flush out any other jobs, and thereby breaking > the Adobe Document Structuring Conventions. There is a way to turn > off generation off the control-D in Windows (anybody know it?). > > According to the PRINTERS.WRI file that is included with MS Windows > 3.x and up, you can place a line > > > CtrlD=0 > > in the WIN.INI sections for any postscript printers for which you > wish to suppress the Control-D generation. This usually works as > long as you're using a specific printer, i.e. Apple LaserWriter, > QMS820, etc ] . However if you use the generic ``PostScript > printer'' driver, it does not work. There is a freeware program > called ctrld that will let users select if a given ps driver should > output control-D's or not. It can be found at > in the file ftp/pub/pc/win3/misc/ > > The shareware package WLPRSPL (an LPR spooler for Windows) includes > a convenient utility program for listing the relevant printers and > turning the option off or on. > > If you want to prevent applications from doing this, you could use > a spooler which would look at the end of every outgoing file and > drop the control-D on the end if there happened to be one. > > If you want a spooler, check out lprps. Atul From Sat Oct 28 14:02:41 1995 Date: Sat, 28 Oct 95 14:02:38 EDT From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA18554; Sat, 28 Oct 95 14:02:38 EDT Message-Id: <> To:, Subject: MS word postscript quality - A review Cc: Status: RO Following is taken from a Postscript FAQ from the net which confirms my opinion that Word doesn't follow proper postscript generating conventions: > There are rumors that Word Perfect and Microsoft Word don't produce ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ > ``clean'' PostScript that follows the DSC conventions (See Section > 9, ``Encapsulated PostScript''). This means that a lot of > PostScript utilities like Ghostview and psnup, etc., that require > the DSC conventions, will not work on them. > > Creating a PostScript file from MS Word > > Install the LaserWriter driver that comes with Windows.In the > printer setup, select a PostScript printer. Then click on the setup > button to get that pop-up. Then clik the Options button. Then > select the print to Encapsulated PostScript File. If you don't > specify a file name, Word will prompt you for one when you tell it > to print. > > When printing Microsoft Windows files that have been captured on a > PC's LPT port, you mostly need to define two ctrl-d's in a row as > well to remove all of them in the document: > > > (\004\004) cvn {} def > Atul From Sat Oct 28 14:39:39 1995 Date: Sat, 28 Oct 95 14:48:58 -2400 To: Mime-Version: 1.0 X-Mailer: Mozilla/1.0N (Macintosh) Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit Subject: X-Url: Status: RO HOW CAN I PRINT POSTSCRIPT ON A NON-POSTSCRIPT PRINTER? (2.5) -------------------------------------------------------------- You need one of the payware applications Freedom of the Press or TScript. For most users who only want to print to common printers like DeskWriters, StyleWriters, or Personal LaserWriter LS's, the Basic version of TScript will suffice. ($55 street). The more expensive versions of TScript also works with more esoteric printers, particularly very-high-end color printers and imagesetters. From Sun Oct 29 12:35:20 1995 Received: by (Sendmail 8.6.12/950620.JB) id RAA22859; Sun, 29 Oct 1995 17:08:14 GMT Received: by (Sendmail 8.6.12/950620.JB) id MAA22853; Sun, 29 Oct 1995 12:08:09 -0500 From: (Michael W. Wellman) Message-Id: <> Subject: Re: Devastating Crash of TCP C2, Error#11 To: (Benson Loo) Date: Sun, 29 Oct 1995 12:08:08 -0500 (EST) Cc: In-Reply-To: <> from "Benson Loo" at Oct 29, 95 03:12:07 am Content-Type: text Content-Length: 1086 Sender: Precedence: bulk Reply-To: Status: RO > Unfortunately, every single step that I've done to it & I open TCP C2 > again in between the clean installation, it came out with System Error# > 11 (Miscellaneous Hardware Exception Error) > whenever I open TCP C2. Please try the following: 1) Boot your machine 2) Remove the General Control Panel 3) Boot your machine 4) Zap the PRAM during the reboot 5) If the modification date on Macsbug is recent, throw it away and boot your machine once more. It's been my experience that the vast majority of System Error 11 crashes are due to the General Control Panel's mistaken concept of how the PRAM is structured. When this is the problem, the General Control Panel writes invalid data into the PRAM at boot time. Later when applications attempt to use the OS accessor functions to access information from the PRAM, the OS lovingly crashes with System Error 11. To make life more interesting, the problem is intermittent and it only seems to happen with 7.5.1 and 7.5.2 on an undetermined subset of machines (usually PowerPCs). mikel From Fri Jan 19 09:31:14 1996 Date: Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:31:11 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA18416; Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:31:11 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Mclink-Plus Status: RO >From Wed Oct 18 17:28:37 1995 Date: Wed, 18 Oct 1995 17:14:49 -0500 From: (Scott Thomas) Received: from dataviz ! ([]) by with SMTP ID 0t5g25.36fmdM; Wed, 18 Oct 1995 21:28:18 +0000 Subject: Re: PC CorelDraw to Mac PIC To: Message-Id: X-Mailer: Mail*Link SMTP-QM 3.0.2 Mime-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: Text/Plain; charset=us-ascii Status: RO Atul, Sorry, no demos. We do have a 30 day money back guarantee. I don't think you'll be dissatisfied though. Order MacLinkPlus/Easy Open Translators for your PowerMac. Best price from MacWarehouse, MacConnection, Internet Shopping Network ( or Cyberian Outpost ( Regards, Scott -------------------------------------- Date: 10/18/95 5:01 PM To: Scott Thomas From: >Atul, > >WMF to PICT is really the only conversion where we do indeed maintain a vector >graphic. Most of our other conversions result in bitmapped images. > >Regards, > >Scott Thomas >DataViz, Inc. >Macintosh Product Marketing Manager >203-268-0030 x3034 >203-268-4345 fax > Hi Scott, Thanks for the info. Do you offer any demo version for download so that we can try before ordering it. We have one Mac IIfx and one Power Mac 6100/66 with System 7.5 and later. Thanks, Atul Garg CII 6015, CIE, RPI 110 8th Street Troy, NY 12180 ------------------ RFC822 Header Follows ------------------ Received: by with SMTP;18 Oct 1995 17:00:53 -0500 Received: from by (4.1/SMHUB41); id AA05882; Wed, 18 Oct 95 17:02:01 EDT for Date: Wed, 18 Oct 95 17:01:36 EDT From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA25777; Wed, 18 Oct 95 17:01:36 EDT Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Re: PC CorelDraw to Mac PICT Cc: From Fri Jan 19 09:32:40 1996 Date: Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:32:37 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA18427; Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:32:37 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: InterPrint Status: RO >From Thu Oct 26 14:43:35 1995 Date: Thu, 26 Oct 95 14:43:31 EDT From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA00513; Thu, 26 Oct 95 14:43:31 EDT Message-Id: <> To: Subject: InterPrint key on sun-room mac will expire on Oct 31st Cc: Status: RO The InterPrint demo version installed on the sun-room mac will expire on Oct 31st. Besides, you will also need one copy for Hans. If you want to order two more licenses then I have included Brian Crawford's last e-mail for that purpose. Otherwise, we can try with your copy. Atul >From crawford@intercon.com0 Tue Sep 19 08:21:33 1995 > >Atul, >Thank you for contacting InterCon Systems. Following is the demo key you >requested. Please do not hesitate to contact me with further questions or >comments. I look forward to hearing from you. > >InterPrint >fgfxyuYfWVHlQmGU >Valid through October 31, 1995 > >Sincerely, > >{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{} >{} Brian Crawford FTP Server: {} >{} InterCon Systems Corporation Path: Intercon/sales/ {} >{} Herndon,VA WWW Server: {} >{} (703) 709-5529 (voice) Technical Support: {} >{} (703) 709-5555 (fax) Upgrades: {} >{} **NEW! InterCon Technical Support WWW Page** {} >{} {} >{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{} > > >--part_AC842EF00001572C0000000B-- > > From Fri Jan 19 09:33:08 1996 Date: Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:33:05 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA18434; Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:33:05 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: MachTen Status: RO >From Fri Oct 27 12:33:07 1995 Received: from [] ( []) by (8.6.5/Tenon-G2.02) with SMTP id JAA01667 for ; Fri, 27 Oct 1995 09:27:48 -0700 (PDT) Message-Id: <> X-Sender: Mime-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii" Date: Fri, 27 Oct 1995 09:45:22 -0800 To: (Atul Garg) From: (Tenon Information Services) Subject: Re: Questions on MachTen 4.0 Status: RO Hello Atul, > >We are thinking of obtaining a copy of MachTen 4.0. and MachTen X wiwndow >software (68k Macs) each. Can you please e-mail me the prices with >educational discounts? Our academic discount is 50%, so adjust the prices below accordingly. > >In fact, if you can just email the price list with the >educational/quantity discounts it would be a great help. For the first 10 copies the 50% discount holds (~$350/seat); for additional copies, the price drops to $200/seat. > >Another question - Does MachTen have a Telnet server available >in the package? Yes, it has the complete TCP protocol stack. See the details below. If you give us your mailing address, we will send brochures to supplement this electronic response. MachTen is an implementation of Berkeley's UNIX, built on a Carnegie Mellon Mach foundation. It runs as an application on the native Macintosh Operating System (MacOS). Included with MachTen are UNIX programs and a Mach kernel. The kernel supports a standard Unix applications environment which supports hundreds of standard UNIX applications. That environment also allows all standard Macintosh programs, such as a Macintosh spreadsheet or desk accessory application, to run simultaneously with UNIX programs. MachTen extends MacOS with true UNIX multitasking, full internet communications, a distributed file system via NFS, and a Unix software development environment. MachTen runs on all modern Macintoshes -- including Classic, Quadras, Centris, and Duos and PowerBooks and Power Macs. MachTen is the only Unix that runs on PowerBooks and Power Macintosh! MachTen for Power Macintosh, Power MachTen, Release 4.0, is available only on CD-ROM with on-line documentation. For 68K Macs, Tenon offers two MachTen packages: Personal MachTen and Professional MachTen, both available on high density floppy disks. When MachTen is installed on your Macintosh, you still have access to the Macintosh operating system and Macintosh applications. When MachTen is running, if you pull down the System 7 application menu, you can click on MachTen, the same way that you could click on Finder or any Mac application. When MachTen is the front application, it presents a set of UNIX terminal windows with Macintosh menus. You can open up to 16 UNIX windows. If X is running, the MachTen Windows menu will display "X Server". If you select X Server, Tenon's high-performance X server will take over the desktop. You can easily switch back and forth between the X desktop, the UNIX desktop, and the Macintosh Finder desktop. POWER MACHTEN, RELEASE 4.0 Power MachTen, Release 4.0, accelerated for PowerPC (PPC), is the only UNIX available for Power Macintosh and Power Macintosh clones. Power MachTen is based on BSD 4.4 and conforms to the Federal Information Processing Standard 151-2 (the POSIX FIPS). The package provides pre-emptive multitasking for UNIX applications and includes a full-featured high-performance TCP/IP protocol stack that supports multi-homing and multi-casting. The native PowerPC package contains a complete UNIX software development environment with a source-level debugger and C, C++, and Fortran compilers all generating native PPC code. Also included is a high-performance X server and complete X11R5 X client development environment with a Motif toolkit. A powerful feature for software developers is Power MachTen's ability to create binary PowerPC Executable Format (PEF) files that can integrate directly with other Macintosh development tools. UNIX software development tools, therefore, can be used in conjunction with Macintosh development tools to build hybrid applications -- UNIX applications with Macintosh interfaces. This flexible and creative interaction between the systems can greatly expand the scope of software development. Power MachTen is an enabling technology for schools and offices, supporting workstation-class Web and Internet services on inexpensive Macintosh platforms. Power MachTen includes the NCSA http daemon Web server with multi-domain extensions; thus a single Macintosh can be a Web server for a multiplicity of domains, e.g.,, etc. Also included are domain name service (DNS), POP mail service, and IP forwarding. Power MachTen is also a vehicle for UNIX applications vendors to easily port their applications to Macintosh platforms. In addition, Power MachTen enables corporations to easily integrate Macs with their client-server UNIX environment. Power MachTen's high- performance NFS file sharing lets users mount Apple Share volumes on MachTen platforms and export those volumes using NFS. Release 4.0, minimizes system memory requirements and the disk footprint through the process of dynamic linkage to shared libraries. When an application is executed, the system assesses whether or not the runtime library required has been already loaded into memory by a previous application. If this is the case, then access to the library will be achieved through a shared dynamic linkage process. Therefore, many shared software components are loaded into memory only once, achieving a substantial memory reduction for the full-function MachTen footprint. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL MACHTEN, RELEASE 2.2 (for 68K Macs): Personal MachTen includes the basic GNU C compiler (version 1.4) and C preprocessor, a Motorola 68000 assembler, a loader, a symbol table utility, load module tools (ar and ranlib), a software management tool (make), a set of Tenon compiler libraries, a set of Unix libraries, a language checker and beautifier, lex and yacc. Among the libraries included are a MachTen Unix system call library, the curses library, NFS library support, termcap library support, and a math library that provides an interface to Apple's Standard Apple Numerics Environment(tm). Professional MachTen, Release 2.2VM, includes all the features of the Personal package, but, in addition, supports virtual memory and protection for Unix applications. Since the Professional package is not limited by real memory, it also supports the GNU source debugger (gdb) and an advanced version of the GNU compiler, version 2.3.3, which includes a C++ compiler in addition to the GNU C compiler. Both packages run on all Macintoshes, but you need memory management support to take advantage of the advanced software development tools included with the Professional system. Both Personal MachTen and Professional MachTen include on-line 'man' pages, in the traditional Unix style as well as in HyperCard, a User's Guide and a System and Network Administration manual. An optional X software package is also available. MACHTEN X WINDOW SOFTWARE, RELEASE 3.1 Tenon's MachTen X Window Software, Release 3.1, is a comprehensive X display server and X client development environment. This X package is included in Power MachTen, 4.0 and is sold separately on 68K Macs. The MachTen X server is a high-performance X Window display server that conforms to X11, Release 5, of MIT's X Window System and runs in conjunction with MachTen and MacOS. MachTen's internet connectivity lets you use X to access X applications anywhere in your client/server environment. Tenon's MachTen X Server software includes mwm, the Motif Window Manager and olvwm, the Open Look Virtual Window Manager. Our X server supports monochrome and 8-bit color, X lib extensions for device-independent color, an X Display Manager to simplify management of X applications, bitmap fonts in portable compiled font format, outline fonts (including Speedo outline fonts) and an executable font server. The MachTen X Window client software is an X11 application development environment based on MIT's X Window System X11, Release 5. Tenon's X Client software is designed to be used in conjunction with MachTen. It enables the development of X applications under MachTen on the Macintosh. Included in the package are X programming libraries (e.g. Xlib, Xt, Xau, Xext, Xi and phigs), Athena widgets and utilities (e.g. Xaw, Xmu and Xdmcp), Motif (version 1.1.4) programming libraries (Xm, Mrm, UIL) and demonstration source (mre, widgetview, xmeditor, xrn), an xview programming environment (xview, olgx), and configuration files (the imake configuration system). Also included are complete sources for the MIT X client and demonstration applications. Prices: Power MachTen (for Power Macintosh)...........................$695 (Includes X Windows client & server & Motif) (Special Introductory Price) Personal MachTen (for 68K)................................... $495 Professional MachTen (for 68K)................................$695 Technical Documentation (for 68K).............................$300 (extra documentation, includes hard copy of 'man' pages, programming guides, GNU reference manuals, and Unix tutorial papers) MachTen X Window Software (for 68K) ..........................$350 (includes X Server, X Client, and Motif) CD with Ported Applications................................... $50 (pre-compiled apps for 68K version of MachTen only) Maintenance.................................................. $300 (includes software upgrades and support) Excellent university discounts and corporate quantity discounts are available. RAM requirements: 16MB of RAM are required for Power MachTen, Release 4.0; 32MB of RAM are recommended for software development requirements. For 68K platforms, 8MB of RAM are recommended for Personal and Professional MachTen, Release 2.2. Disk space usage: Power MachTen, Release 4.0 -- Power MachTen will take up approx. 35-90MB of your disk. On a 150MB disk (partition), the system itself takes about 35MB; the full X11R5 distribution will consume an additional 50MB; on-line man pages will consume 5MB. Personal & Professional MachTen, Release 2.2 -- The operating system may be installed without the software development tools. The operating system itself takes about 16MB; the software development tools adds about 13MB. X Window Software package for MachTen Release 2.2 -- Consumes 35MB if you install all the x server and fonts, X client development environment, and X applications. If you compile all the X applications and keep them on disk, you can absorb quite a bit more disk space. The X server, by itself, without the fonts, consumes 5MB on disk. The following frequently asked questions are answered below. Q. How does MachTen differ from A/UX? Q. What networking support does MachTen provide? Q. On what media is MachTen distributed? Q. What add-on hardware is supported? Q. Does the "xxx" software package run on MachTen? Q. Does MachTen interoperate with other versions of Unix? A/UX is an older version of Unix - System V, version 2, runs on the high end Macintoshes only, and is very expensive in terms of memory and disk space required. With MachTen you don't have to partition your disk - we support a single file system. MachTen sits on top of the MacOS, which means that you don't need special device drivers. Apple is no longer supporting A/UX. Q. What networking support does MachTen provide? The kernel includes the full TCP suite of protocols, including telnet and ftp, the Berkeley r-series, and NFS. MachTen also includes domain name service (DNS), IP forwarding, and a built-in WEB server that supports multihoming. MachTen works over LocalTalk, ethernet and TokenTalk, and can route between these networks. MachTen includes both client and server NFS. MachTen includes its own TCP stack. Our TCP stack is more robust, better performing and more fully featured than MacTCP. MachTen provides interoperability with applications that rely on MacTCP such as MacX and Eudora by trapping MacTCP internals with Tenon's MacTCP daemon. This means that when MachTen is running, MacTCP applications will automatically use MachTen's TCP stack. MachTen interoperates with AppleShare servers. For example, you can mount AppleShare files on a MachTen machine and then export those files using NFS. For serial line connectivity, UUCP, cu, SLIP and PPP are provided. MachTen makes use of the serial port portion of the Macintosh Communication Toolbox (CTB) if installed; otherwise it controls the serial port directly. Using AppleTalk Remote, it is possible to dial into your AppleTalk environment and then use MachTen TCP communications across your AppleTalk network. MachTen includes the Berkeley socket library. Q. On what media is MachTen distributed? Power MachTen, Release 4.0, is distributed on CD-ROM. Personal and Professional MachTen, Release 2.2, are distributed on high-density 3 1/2" floppy diskettes. Q. What add-on hardware is supported. Because MachTen sits on top of the Macintosh File system and interoperates with the Finder, all add-on hardware should work under MachTen. MachTen has been used with SyQuest drives, Bernoulli drives, accelerators, multiport serial cards, ethernet cards (NuBus and SCSI) and video cards, among others. Q. Does the "xxx" software package run on MachTen? Most Unix software packages can be ported to MachTen in a straightforward way. MachTen is a "vanilla" Berkeley system, with standard BSD libraries. To run MachTen on systems with small amounts of memory and without UNIX virtual memory, it is sometimes necessary to avoid large automatic variables by using malloc/free. Q. Does MachTen interoperate with other versions of Unix? Yes. It can network with all standard TCP/IP implementations. We can exchange tar-format floppies with other Unix machines such as SCO and A/UX. MachTen's NFS has been used with Sun systems, IBM R/6000 and NeXT, among others. Please don't hesitate to ask more questions. Best regards, Tenon Sales Tenon Intersystems 1123 Chapala St. Suite 202 Santa Barbara, CA, 93101 (805) 963-6983, (805) 962-8202 fax AppleLink: TENON From Fri Jan 19 09:33:31 1996 Date: Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:33:27 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA18437; Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:33:27 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Wollongon PathWay Status: RO >From Fri Oct 27 15:51:25 1995 Received: from by ( (TWG $Revision: 5.0 $ $Date: 1994/10/20 10:44:13 $)/$Revision: 3.2 $) with SMTP id TAA13602 for ; Fri, 27 Oct 1995 19:51:19 GMT From: Received: from by id <>; Fri, 27 Oct 1995 12:51:21 -0700 To: Date: Fri, 27 Oct 1995 12:48:28 -0800 Mime-Version: 1.0 Message-Id: <> Subject: Wollongong's PathWay Solutions for Macintosh X-Mailer: Emissary (V01.00), by The Wollongong Group, Inc. Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Status: RO Dear Atul: Thanks for your interest in PathWay Print redirector of Macintosh. The cos= t for a one user license is $195.00. Tell me how many Macs this will be use= d for? Feel free to call me at 1-800-872-8649 x7135 Russ Dworkin PathWay Print Redirector for Macintosh PathWay Print Redirector is a universal print redirector that allows users to access remote network printers transparently. It features an intuitive GUI where user authentication and printer setup are done through the Chooser. Users may browse available print servers and print queues and iconzie them on the desktop. Printing can be accomplished by simply dragging-and-dropping files to the desktop printer icon, or by printing from within the application. PathWay Print Redirector provides sophisticated remote print queue management capabilities. Users can monitor the print queue, prioritize their own print jobs, set a specific print time, remove print jobs from the queue, switch print jobs to different printers, and show the printer status. Since PathWay Print Redirector takes advantage of Apple=92s QuickDraw GX features, users can display queued print jobs without the application or fonts used to create the document. Based upon the industry-standard TCP/IP protocols, PathWay Print Redirecto= r allows users to seamlessly integrate printing of Macintosh documents on any LPR-enabled printer, or any printer attached to a TCP/IP host or server. Feature Highlights =95 Intuitive GUI =95 Drag&Drop Printing =95 Manage printer setup =95 Sophisticated print management capabilities =95 Display or print documents without application or fonts used to create them =95 Supports NFS & LPR protocols =95 Supports PCNFSD 2.0 authentication =95 Complete with everything needed to setup remote printing over TCP/IP network (Apple=92sMacTCP and QuickDraw GX software are included From Fri Jan 19 09:35:58 1996 Date: Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:35:55 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA18461; Fri, 19 Jan 96 09:35:55 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Printer Driver for HP - TScript Status: RO >From Thu Nov 2 20:12:04 1995 Received: from [] ( []) by (8.6.9/8.6.6.Beta9) with SMTP id UAA12290 for ; Thu, 2 Nov 1995 20:11:54 -0500 X-Sender: Message-Id: Mime-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii" Date: Thu, 2 Nov 1995 20:15:35 -0500 To: Atul Garg From: (Edward Friedman) Subject: Re: Printer Driver for HP 850/855 C Status: RO >Hi, > >I just received my copy of TScript. I have an HP 855C color deskjet >printer and I don't see the printer driver in the package. Do you support this printer? If you do how can I get a copy. > >Thanks, > >Atul Garg > Hi Atul, We support HP855C via QD driver. Please read Quick Start. Please also read in the Manual on how to print via QD driver. Also please remember 1. <> Do not attempt to use any of these programs w/T-Script, they are completely incompatible w/T-Script operation. 2. Print our PS samples first - do not attempt to print your PostScript files until you print our PS samples successfully. 3. EPS is not the same as PostScript. Be sure to make PostScript files because just like the LaserWriters T-Script expects PostScript not EPS. EPS files may be embedded in the original document. 4. Follow the Quick Guide to printing (1 page print included w/T-Script) for more detail on creating PostScript and printing to printers such as yours. If you need us to fax or e-mail this document please let us know. Thanks Ed __________________________________ TeleType 311 Harvard Street Brookline, MA 02146 __________________________________ * telephone: 617-734-3974 * fax : 617-734-3974 * email: *\users

eXodus font problem (declaring fixed fonts)

Atul - Feb, 96 By default, eXodus uses the font which is declared as fixed in the fonts.alias file inside the SNF folder. So declare any font file as fixed (make sure that it is a fixed font by scanning its description) and it should work.

eXodus configuration on Suns

If you want to open an xterm on a networked Mac from a Sun host you will need a .eXodusSunrc file inside your home directory on Sun. That file is given in its entirety below. ------------------------- Cut Here ------------------------ #! /bin/sh #********************************* # # # File Name : .eXodusSunrc # # Purpose: Used for Sun's Open Windows environment. # For use with White Pine's eXodus product line # Version: 1.2 # #*********************************************** option=0 if [ "$#" -lt 1 ] ; then echo "Missing arguments." echo "Usage: $0 display cmdline" echo "Examples:" echo " $0 venus:0.0 cmdtool -C " exit 2 fi if [ "$#" -gt 1 ] ; then #launching client App option=1 fi if [ "$OPENWINHOME" = "" ] ; then OPENWINHOME=/usr/openwin ; export OPENWINHOME fi # Add to the path variable named by $1 the component $2. $3 must be # "append" or "prepend" to indicate where the component is added. echo "setting directory paths" addpath () { eval value=\"\$$1\" case "$value" in *:$2:*|*:$2|$2:*|$2) result="$value" ;; "") result="$2" ;; *) case "$3" in p*) result="$2:${value}" ;; *) result="${value}:$2" ;; esac esac eval $1=$result unset result value } # convenience routine which appends a string to a path. append () { addpath "$1" "$2" append } # convenience routine which prepends a string to a path. prepend () { addpath "$1" "$2" prepend } # add $OPENWIN/mumble to several related environment variables. prepend LD_LIBRARY_PATH $OPENWINHOME/lib prepend PATH $OPENWINHOME/bin/xview prepend PATH $OPENWINHOME/bin append FONTPATH $OPENWINHOME/lib/fonts append HELPPATH $OPENWINHOME/lib/help case "$MANPATH" in "") MANPATH="$OPENWINHOME/share/man:/usr/man" ;; *) prepend MANPATH $OPENWINHOME/share/man ;; esac XAPPLRESDIR=$OPENWINHOME/lib/X11/app-defaults CAD_HOME=/net/inp_FRISC/vtitools/sw/sources/magic/magic-6.4 Mentor_HOME=/inp_Cadence1/Mentor841/bin MGC_HOME=/inp_Cadence1/Mentor841 prepend PATH $CAD_HOME/bin prepend PATH $Mentor_HOME # vtitools stuff prepend PATH /cie3/vtitools/vlsi/v8r3/bin prepend PATH /cie3/vtitools/vlsi/site/bin prepend PATH /cie3/frisc/bin prepend PATH /net/inp_FRISC/vtitools/sw/bin DISPLAY=$1 ; shift export DISPLAY OPENWINHOME LD_LIBRARY_PATH PATH \ FONTPATH HELPPATH MANPATH XAPPLRESDIR \ CAD_HOME Mentor_HOME # Report the environment to the client log env #for rooted screen, start Open Look Window Manager if [ "$option" -eq 0 ] ; then echo "Starting X environment on $DISPLAY" if [ -f $HOME/.Xdefaults ]; then xrdb $HOME/.Xdefaults & # Load Users X11 resource database else xrdb $OPENWINHOME/lib/Xdefaults & # Load Default X11 resource database fi olwm -3 & # OpenLook Window Manager (3-D look) if [ -x $HOME/.openwin-init ]; then $HOME/.openwin-init # Custom OpenWindows tools else $OPENWINHOME/lib/openwin-init # Default OpenWindows tools fi wait fi #start any application and exit if [ "$#" -gt 0 ] ; then echo "Starting $1 on $DISPLAY" DISPLAY=$DISPLAY ; export DISPLAY exec $@ fi -------------------------------- Cut Here------------------------

Type 11 Error Problem

MacUser (September 1995) gives four ways to attempt to fix system crashes. 1. Restart. 2. Check for extension conflicts (begin by restarting with the shift key held down to disable all extensions). 3. Repair the disk (using e.g. Norton Utilities). 4. Reinstall corrupted files (start by deleting all Word's preferences files; consider reinstalling the program; consider reinstalling system software). MacUser also has this disconcerting news regarding error message ID=11, "Hardware Exception Error": "This error message is a catchall for any processor-related errors not covered by IDs 1 through 10 and indicates that your Mac doesn't know the exact cause of an error. This message is more common on Power Macs and typically results from corruption of the 68040 emulator as it loads into RAM. If you get the message while working on a Power Mac, simply restart to solve the problem. However, be prepared to go to the repair shop if the common fixes don't stop this error from occurring; you may have a hardware problem." Bob Yanal ( Southfield, MI Type 11 & No FPU Errors on a Power Macintosh -------------------------------------------- By Brian Betchel The contents of this article are taken from a Apple Developers' Technote. It explains some of the causes of "Type 11" and "No FPU Installed" errors experienced by some users of Power Macintosh computers. The Technote includes some programmers' and developers' source code information and programming tips which have been excluded from this article. To receive a copy of the original Technote, please contact Apple Developer Services (APDA) or you can read it on the World Wide Web at Both Type 11 and "No FPU Installed" errors occur on Power Macintosh computers, depending on various factors. Both error messages are the result of programming errors. The "No FPU Installed" error usually means that your program is executing data rather than instructions. The Type 11 error is any error (such as a bus error) in native code. ** About "No FPU Installed" Errors On a Power Macintosh computer, the error message "No FPU Installed" usually means your code has jumped to a non-code area and is executing "garbage". In other words, somewhere in that data (which is being interpreted as instructions) is an instruction whose op code begins with the hex value F. No FPU Installed is equivalent to a Type 10 error -- that is, your program has attempted to execute an unknown instruction op code starting with the hex value F. "No FPU Installed" can mean some program has jumped to an area of data and has tried to execute any data word starting with the hex value F. The PowerPC chip has floating point support built in, but that floating-point support is different from the Motorola 680x0 family floating-point support. The Motorola 680x0 family uses an external floating-point unit. (There are also external memory management units (MMUs) and other specialized coprocessors.) Motorola 680x0 CPUs use instructions starting with hex value F as instructions for these coprocessors. * 680x0 Microprocessor Instructions All Motorola 680x0 microprocessors have instructions consisting of at least one word (the operation word); some instructions can have up to eleven words (see the Motorola MC68020 32-bit Microprocessor User's Manual, Third edition, page 3-1.) The operation word determines what kind of instruction is to be executed. For example, the instruction: MOVE.B D1, D2 translates to the hexadecimal value 1401 This instruction starts with the hex value 1. The instruction FMOVE.X FP3,-(A7) translates to F227 6980 This instruction starts with the hex value F. * F-line Instructions The Motorola 680x0 architecture was originally designed to support a floating-point coprocessor chip. This chip, the Floating Point Unit (FPU), communicates with the CPU using a special set of instructions called F-line instructions. These instructions always start with an operation word beginning with the hex value F. A program can be compiled to take advantage of the hardware assistance the FPU provides, and thus yield faster floating-point calculations than would be available with Standard Apple Numerics Package (SANE). Such programs would have instructions in the program which start with the hex value F. A program only using SANE would never have an instruction starting with the hex value F. Some Macintosh models, such as the Macintosh SE/30, the Macintosh IIci, and the Macintosh IIfx, shipped with an FPU coprocessor installed. Other 680x0-based Macintosh computers, such as the Macintosh IIsi and the Macintosh Color Classic, had an optional FPU coprocessor. For these machines, it was possible to purchase an optional card with an FPU coprocessor. * 68040 & 68LC040 Microprocessors With the introduction of the 68040 and 68LC040 chips, things got a bit more complicated. The 68040 microprocessor has most of the 68882 FPU included on the chip. Not everything in the 68881/68882 FPU is in the 68040 chip, however -- just the routines that Motorola determined were most frequently used. The rest of the FPU routines are automatically emulated by software. Because the FPU is "built-in," as it were, the 68040 chip handles instructions that start with an operation word beginning with the hex value F by itself. There is no way to add a coprocessor to a 68040 chip; the instructions are never brought out of the chip itself. The 68LC040 is a cost-reduced version of the 68040 chip. Savings came about by removing the FPU portion of the chip. Not only does a 68LC040 chip have no FPU, there is no way to add one. ** The Power Macintosh Power Macintosh computers emulate a Motorola 68LC040; that is, a machine without FPU support. When you get a bomb with the message "No FPU Installed", it means some instruction has been executed with an operation word starting with the hex value F, and that your program is running on a machine without a FPU. This machine could be one of the following: - a Macintosh with a 68020 or 68030 microprocessor and no FPU coprocessor - a Macintosh with a 68LC040 microprocessor (which can never have a FPU) - a Macintosh with a PowerPC chip running 68K code in emulation (since the 68K emulator emulates a 68LC040 microprocessor). Power Macintosh computers contain very fast floating-point support as part of the CPU. This floating-point support is different from the floating-point support provided by the Motorola 680x0 microprocessors. Inside Macintosh: PowerPC Numerics, describes Power Macintosh floating-point support. ** Defining a Type 11 Error A Type 11 error means an illegal interrupt vector on a 680x0 machine. On a Power Macintosh computer, a Type 11 error is any exception in native code not handled by one of the installed exception handlers. On a Power Macintosh, a Type 11 error can be almost any error that occurred in native code. Type 11 errors may include: - an address error - a bus error - an illegal instruction error that occurred in native code The exception handlers installed for native code do not correctly handle the particular condition which was raised, and the error is returned back to the System Error manager via the Mixed Mode manager. The System Error manager maps all such exceptions to the system error Type 11 error. If you install Macsbug 6.5.2 or later, some Type 11 errors may be reported as a PowerPC unmapped memory exception. This is equivalent to a bus error, that is, an error indicating your program is accessing memory that doesn't exist. The Modern Memory Manager was designed to be less forgiving than the classic (68K) Memory Manager. Disposing of something twice, disposing of memory that was never allocated, and other memory handling problems will often generate a Type 11 error, while on a 68K machine the problem may go unnoticed. ** Other Situations Causing Type 11 Errors The following sections document some of the known issues which have been observed when using various products that may cause Type 11 errors. * Color Picker vs. Third-Party SCSI Drivers One reproducible problem stems from a known bug in several third-party SCSI hard disk drivers. The bug causes Color Picker to crash when trying to resolve a startup volume alias it makes at startup time. This problem exists in any system when Color Picker 2.0 or 2.0.1 is installed and the startup volume is not a removable drive. The fundamental cause of the problem is that the SCSI driver incorrectly marks the startup drive as a removable drive during the startup process and changes it to be properly marked as a fixed device after startup. To find its code, the Color Picker resolves the startup volume alias it made during startup. Since the alias passed to the Alias Manager is for a removable drive, the Alias Manager can't resolve the alias (since the device is now marked as fixed). The Color Picker design did not anticipate the startup volume not being found. This results in a Type 11 error. The fix is to upgrade your SCSI driver to a later version. * Calling a Routine That May Move Memory at Interrupt Time The Apple Media Kit (AMK), release 1.2, created a situation that could cause random errors. During a VBL task, AMK was calling SetCCursor. SetCCursor can possibly move memory. Moving memory during interrupt time is a very bad idea. The Memory Manager may be in an unstable state, such as compacting memory, when an interrupt routine gets called. This can cause a Type 11 error in native code. A replacement cursor.c file has been provided in the Apple Media Tool/Programming Environment Runtime folder, and we do have a replacement Runtime Maker:Codes:Program file for Apple Media Tool. If you are currently developing titles, replacing these files and rebuilding your projects will remove the bug. * Not Enough Heap Space There are some situations where having small amounts of memory available in the system heap may lead to a Type 11 error. As an example, if the shared library manager can't load a shared library, you may get a Type 11 error. This can happen when QuickTime tries to load a decompressor for certain kinds of images. * Writing Past the End of an Array In Open Transport 1.0.5 or earlier, there was a bug in the TCP/IP control panel code that could corrupt memory if there were more than 256 zones and a MacIP server was found in a zone past the 256th zone. Under these conditions, the control panel code wrote past the end of one of its buffers. This bug would manifest itself if the user opened the select zone dialog and the TCP/IP control panel was left open long enough for the NBP lookup calls for zones past the 256th zone to complete. This is corrected in OpenTransport 1.0.6 and later, but is given here as an example of a Type 11 error. * Insufficient Stack Space Heavy use of local variables or recursion may cause your program to run out of stack space. When this happens, you may have crashes that are difficult to track down. Increasing your program's stack is one solution. Whenever you are using a large number of local variables or recursive routines, you should increase your program's stack (using the procedure listed in Inside Macintosh: Memory on page 1-40). As an extreme example, a faceless background application (documented in Technical Note PS 2) has only a 2K stack by default. A 68K application has 24K of stack on most modern machines (8K if no Color QuickDraw is installed, 32K if A/UX is installed). You can use the low memory accessor function LMGetDfltStack to find your current stack size. Native QuickDraw has several changes in algorithms that have increased the size of some structures. PowerPC alignment issues may cause the size of data structures to increase. Check your compiler documentation for further details. To help detect collisions between the stack and the heap, a "stack sniffer" VBL task is installed that compares the current ends of the stack and heap and generates a system error 28 in case of a collision. Unfortunately, the Thread Manager is forced to disable the stack sniffer whenever it is installed. (This is because threads can have a stack in places where the stack sniffer doesn't expect them; if the stack sniffer is enabled, it would generate a system error 28.) This means you don't have the same level of protection as you did under older system software versions without the Thread Manager installed. * Too Much Recursion in QuickDraw Native QuickDraw before version 2.4.1 used a recursive routine to handle regions. This recursive code could cause your stack to run into the heap when handling certain region shapes. Version 2.4.1 of QuickDraw changed to a non-recursive routine which eliminates this error. (You can detect the version of QuickDraw using the Gestalt selector 'qd' which returns a version.) In general, recursion on Power Macintosh computers is dangerous unless you have substantial stack space available; PowerPC stack frames are very large, and putting many of them on the stack may quickly exhaust available stack. * Interrupts Not Handled by Device Drivers Some Type 11 errors may legitimately be illegal interrupt vector errors, rather than simply unhandled exceptions in native code. If a device driver for a NuBus or PCI card does not install an interrupt service routine, but the card raises an interrupt, you will receive a Type 11 error. This will happen whether you are running in 68K code or PowerPC code. The only solution for such a problem is to update the driver to correctly handle the interrupt issued by the card. * Other Programming Errors Common programming errors may cause Type 11 or "No FPU Installed" errors. These include the same kinds of errors that usually result in address errors on 680x0-based Macintosh computers. For example: - Indexing through an array incorrectly so that your program goes outside the memory allocated for that array (as demonstrated above) - Disposing of memory twice - Disposing of memory that was never allocated - Calling DisposeHandle on a resource handle (use DisposeResource instead, to ensure that the Resource Manager doesn't lose handles behind its back) *Troubleshooting Tips Here are some user-level suggestions recommended by Apple about how to deal with unexplained Type 11 or "No FPU Installed" errors: - Upgrade your hard disk driver(s) to the latest version available. There are some known problems between SCSI Manager 4.3 and some SCSI disk drivers. Starting with System 7.5, the SCSI Manager 4.3 is installed on all Macintosh Quadras and Power Macintosh computers. There are some known programming problems in some older third-party disk drivers. - Upgrade to the latest System Software appropriate for your system. Several significant bug fixes in system updates should reduce the number of Type 11 and No FPU Installed errors you encounter. - Do a clean install of your System Software. Use the Extensions Manager control panel to determine if any additional control panels or extensions are conflicting with your system software. - Some Type 11 errors may result from corrupted PRAM. Unfortunately, most of extended PRAM is undocumented. (See Inside Macintosh:Operating System Utilities, chapter 7, Parameter RAM Utilities, for what details are documented.) You can restore your default PRAM values by holding down Command-Option-P-R at system startup time, or by using a shareware utility such as TechTool. Make sure you are not using composite RAM in a Power Macintosh. Memory specifications are in the developer hardware notes for each computer. - Some users claim that installing the shareware extension SoftwareFPU cuts down on "No FPU Installed" problems. This extension emulates the Motorola FPU (at a considerably slower speed), thus preventing bombs from software which incorrectly makes FPU calls. This may alleviate "No FPU Installed" errors, but it doesn't address the fundamental problem, namely that some software is executing unexpected data or making illegal calls to a non-existent FPU. Upgrade any software you find that causes repeatable errors. **Summary There are no easy solutions for handling Type 11 Error or "No FPU Installed" errors. Only careful debugging and testing by the programmers of the software you use can reduce the number and frequency of these errors. Most problems stem from common programming errors which you can do nothing about unless you are the programmer who wrote the software.

Printing to a networked deskjet using lpr (Research Bureau) wrote: > >Yes. It is called MacLPR. Use Anarchie (another Australian innovation) and >find it via archie or give me a holler by email if you are still stuck. > > >In article <45to5b$hfc_001@CIT.CORNELL.EDU>, (Noah D. >Zatz) wrote: > >> Hi, I'm trying to figure out a way to allow Mac users on a network to >> print to an HP deskjet served by an LPDaemon. I've found a printer >> driver called HPDJ3.1, but it won't allow printing to a file as required >> by the only Mac LPR client I've gotten hold of. Is there anything out >> there which will allow me to do this, either by letting Macs print to a >> deskjet formatted file that can be sent with LPR, or a utility which will >> converted postscript to HP PCL? Thanks! >> >> Noah >> >> Noah D. Zatz >> Science & Technology Studies >> Cornell University >> Ithaca, New York >> >> (607) 256-4350

Synchronizing Folders

Date: Wed, 1 Nov 1995 23:20:57 -0800 From: Jon Pugh Subject: Folder Synchronization A while ago I decided to rewrite the Synchronize Folders which ships with 7.5 since it was so completely brain dead that it was scanning every folder twice. That was just making AppleScript look slower than necessary. So I decided to use the Scriptable Finder's whose clauses and Jon's Commands' copyFile. I figured those things would make the whole process a bit snappier. I also reworked the logic so that it only scans each folder once, which is where the majority of the speed increase comes from. There's nothing more valuable than a decent algorithm. ;) While working on this, I decided to dump some statistics into BBEdit so that I could see what it was doing. I thought these were damned handy, so I left them in. You can munge it if you prefer a different way. So, this doesn't require any osaxen except Jon's Commands, which you do have installed, don't you? It does require the scriptable Finder and BBEdit, although BBEdit is optional. Jon -- legend: =3D is the equal sign -- =82 is the not equal sign -- =BE is the less than or equal sign -- =84 is the greater than or equal sign -- watch out for wrapped lines property fileLog : "" property fileCount : 0 property filesCopied : 0 property fileTypeToSkip : "BrBr" -- PhotoFlash Catalog files on run set fileLog to "" set fileCount to 0 set filesCopied to 0 set startTime to (current date) tell application "Finder" activate try set folder1 to choose folder with prompt "Select the first folde= r:" on error -- e.g. user cancelled return end try try set folder2 to choose folder with prompt "Select the second fold= er:" on error -- e.g. user cancelled return end try my SyncFolders(folder1, folder2) set timeTook to (current date) - startTime my report(timeTook) end tell end run on open x set fileLog to "" set fileCount to 0 set filesCopied to 0 set startTime to (current date) tell application "Finder" set ErrorString to "Syncronization process needs 2 folders. Please try again with 2 folders." if (count items in x) =82 2 then display dialog ErrorString buttons "OK" default button 1 return end if set y to item 1 of x if class of item y =3D alias file then set y to original item of ite= m y as alias if class of item y is folder then set x to item 2 of x if class of item x =3D alias file then set x to original item of item x as alias if class of item x is folder then my SyncFolders(x, y) set timeTook to (current date) - startTime my report(timeTook) else display dialog ErrorString buttons "OK" default button 1 end if else display dialog ErrorString buttons "OK" default button 1 end if end tell end open on SyncFolders(folder1, folder2) tell application "Finder" if class of item folder1 =3D alias file then set folder1 to original item of item folder1 as alias if class of item folder2 =3D alias file then set folder2 to original item of item folder2 as alias try if previous list view of folder1 =82 2 then set x to view of folder1 set view of folder1 to 2 set view of folder1 to x end if on error number -15261 -- if folder's not open then it will fail and it will be by name end try try if previous list view of folder2 =82 2 then set x to view of folder2 set view of folder2 to 2 set view of folder2 to x end if on error number -15261 -- if folder's not open then it will fail and it will be by name end try try set Folder1Contents to name of every file of folder1 whose file type =82 fileTypeToSkip set folder1ModDates to modification date of every file of folder1 whose file type =82 fileTypeToSkip set Folder1Contents to Folder1Contents as list set folder1ModDates to folder1ModDates as list on error number -1728 set Folder1Contents to {} set folder1ModDates to {} end try try set Folder2Contents to name of every file of folder2 whose file type =82 fileTypeToSkip set folder2ModDates to modification date of every file of folder2 whose file type =82 fileTypeToSkip set Folder2Contents to Folder2Contents as list set folder2ModDates to folder2ModDates as list on error number -1728 set Folder2Contents to {} set folder2ModDates to {} end try try set folder1folders to name of every folder of folder1 set folder1folders to folder1folders as list on error number -1728 set folder1folders to {} -- ignore no such object error (i.e. no folders) end try try set folder2folders to name of every folder of folder2 set folder2folders to folder2folders as list on error number -1728 set folder2folders to {} -- ignore no such object error (i.e. no folders) end try end tell set i1 to 1 set i2 to 1 set n1 to number of items of Folder1Contents set n2 to number of items of Folder2Contents set filesToCopyTo1 to {} set filesToCopyTo2 to {} repeat if i1 > n1 and i2 > n2 then exit repeat if i1 =BE n1 then set s1 to item i1 of Folder1Contents set x1 to (folder1 as string) & s1 else set s1 to {} end if if i2 =BE n2 then set s2 to item i2 of Folder2Contents set x2 to (folder2 as string) & s2 else set s2 to {} end if if s1 =3D s2 then set date1 to item i1 of folder1ModDates set date2 to item i2 of folder2ModDates if date1 > date2 then copy x1 to end of filesToCopyTo2 set filesCopied to filesCopied + 1 set fileLog to fileLog & x1 & return else if date2 > date1 then copy x2 to end of filesToCopyTo1 set filesCopied to filesCopied + 1 set fileLog to fileLog & x2 & return end if set i1 to i1 + 1 set i2 to i2 + 1 set fileCount to fileCount + 1 else if s1 =3D {} or s1 > s2 then copy x2 to end of filesToCopyTo1 set fileLog to fileLog & x2 & return set i2 to i2 + 1 set fileCount to fileCount + 1 set filesCopied to filesCopied + 1 else if s2 =3D {} or s1 < s2 then copy x1 to end of filesToCopyTo2 set fileLog to fileLog & x1 & return set i1 to i1 + 1 set fileCount to fileCount + 1 set filesCopied to filesCopied + 1 else display dialog "How the hell did we get here?" with icon 0 end if end repeat if filesToCopyTo1 =82 {} then copyFile filesToCopyTo1 to folder1 replacing yes -- Jon's Commands if filesToCopyTo2 =82 {} then copyFile filesToCopyTo2 to folder2 replacing yes -- Jon's Commands set i1 to 1 set i2 to 1 set n1 to number of items of folder1folders set n2 to number of items of folder2folders set foldersToCopyTo1 to {} set foldersToCopyTo2 to {} repeat if i1 > n1 and i2 > n2 then exit repeat if i1 =BE n1 then set s1 to item i1 of folder1folders set x1 to (folder1 as string) & s1 else set s1 to {} end if if i2 =BE n2 then set s2 to item i2 of folder2folders set x2 to (folder2 as string) & s2 else set s2 to {} end if if s1 =3D s2 then SyncFolders(x1 as alias, x2 as alias) set i1 to i1 + 1 set i2 to i2 + 1 else if s1 =3D {} or s1 > s2 then copy x2 to end of foldersToCopyTo1 set fileLog to fileLog & x2 & return set i2 to i2 + 1 set filesCopied to filesCopied + 1 else if s2 =3D {} or s1 < s2 then copy x1 to end of foldersToCopyTo2 set fileLog to fileLog & x1 & return set i1 to i1 + 1 set filesCopied to filesCopied + 1 else display dialog "How the hell did we get here?" with icon 0 end if end repeat if foldersToCopyTo1 =82 {} then copyFile foldersToCopyTo1 to folder1 -- Jon's Commands if foldersToCopyTo2 =82 {} then copyFile foldersToCopyTo2 to folder2 -- Jon's Commands end SyncFolders on report(timeTook) set min to round (timeTook / 60) tell application "BBEdit 3.5" create window set s to (filesCopied as string) & " files of " & (fileCount as string) & " copied in " & (min as string) & " minutes." Insert Text s & return & fileLog activate end tell end report

What are those Read Me First Files are for ?

Words from the Watchdog -- Trick? or Treat? ------------------------------------------- By Diana Ezell Have you ever looked through your System folder and wondered, "What is all this stuff?" Or thought to yourself, "I don't remember installing that extension or control panel" as you see a strange init icon flash across the bottom of your startup screen. These days, with all our ever-expanding choices for low-priced on-line services combined with simple and fast connections to the Internet, it is easier than ever to cram your System Folder full of stuff you don't need. Sure, it may be fun at first to have the "eyeballs" follow your cursor around the screen or to have "an ugly green monster from your childhood" eat your trash, but in the long run, practicality should prevail. When you notice that your computer is starting up slower, or maybe it is freezing randomly, it may be time for a change. Before you know it, you may be learning the intricacies of the Extensions Manager, practicing your patience during numerous "clean installs" of your system software, and finally admitting that maybe you can live without having your every move responded to by another obnoxious sound. It's not only the free fun stuff that can bog down your operating system. A lot of us possess that same "gotta have it" attitude about every new software update that comes down the pike. Sometimes, there is a lot to be said for having a functional computer. In other words, if it works, don't fix it. Not all system updates are necessary for every system. I can't lay all of the blame on our computer nerd-like desire for fun and exploration. We often have the wool pulled over our eyes by software installers. You may find yourself choosing "easy install" more often than "custom" simply because you don't know which options to choose. Unfortunately, this may cause you to end up with a lot of unnecessary software installed in your system. Believe it or not, you may be able to avoid all of this high drama and hassles. What can save you from it? You already know the answer. Yes, you probably really should read those files labeled "Read Me First". Read Me files are often the only documentation you are going to get for most software updates and shareware. They usually contain last minute important information. I am not trying to discourage you from experimenting. It can be fun. Just remember, it is a lot like going trick or treating; you should check your candy for dangerous objects before you eat it. If you're feeling adventurous, check out the new Apple area on America Online. Happy Halloween!

What is Binhex and Where Can I Get It?

-------------------------------------- By Robert Dorsett This article describes what Binhex is and where to obtain it online. Binhex is both a set of application utilities and storage protocols developed by Yves Lempereur in 1984 and 1985. You can find Binhex at the following ftp sites: /util/mac/binhex.bin (F binhex.bin 7k) /depts/AI_ATTIC/HelpDownloading/MacCompactors/BinHex/binhex.bin (F binhex.bin 7k) * Why Binhex? Binhex translates a binary representation of data (which could be an application program, graphical image, sound, or other file type) into an encrypted text representation of that file. There are two reasons for doing this: * Many mail programs used on the Internet cannot handle binary transmissions. They were designed for use with text data. So, an application is "binhexed" and included as the text component of the message. * Many mail systems and gateways have size limitations, often less than 50 kilobytes (K). It is sometimes necessary to use a text editor to split or combine such files. Since a binary representation of that data would make the editing of data very difficult, and since software that automatically joins these binary files is relatively rare, using Binhex allows common text editors to be used to join such files. * How Can You Tell if it is a Binhex File? Binhex 4.0 files have a suffix of ".hqx". Binhex 2.0 files have a suffix of ".hex". Binhex 4.0 has been out since 1985, and it is very rare to see any ".hex" files anymore. A Binhex file can be identified by the first line of the file: (This file must be converted with Binhex 4.0) This line is followed by one blank line, followed by the start of the data: :%@0bBA0SG(0d,Qe`Cbdi0$Bi!%e348GY69"(!*!$",!!N!92!J!!!E-2!,35rrr The data block begins and ends with a colon. * What are the Versions of Binhex? Binhex is available in either 4.0 or 5.0. Both versions of Binhex are freeware. Binhex 4.0 simply converts files into Binhex encoded files and back to the file format it was before. Binhex 5.0 is a bit more complicated because it works with MacBinary documents. It does not work with Binhex 4.0 encoded files. * What is a MacBinary Document? Macintosh files have two components, a data fork and a resource fork. In addition, they have header information specific to the file system, plus additional information which is stored in the Desktop database. Binhex 4.0 documents take all of this into account, when transferring data from system to system. If you are not sending a binary file through the Internet, or a mail system, you should consider using MacBinary instead. There are several reasons to consider using MacBinary over Binhex including file size, time, and additional effort converting the file. Binhex files are usually larger than the equivalent Macintosh (binary) file. In addition, when you use Binhex, you have to encrypt and decrypt every file which can be time consuming, especially if you download a lot files. In order to avoid these things, you can upload the file as a MacBinary file. When you do these, the file is stored online as a standard binary file. Once it is downloaded, if your communications software supports MacBinary, the file automatically reassembles into a Macintosh file or application. If your communications program does not support MacBinary transfers you end up with a binary file with Macintosh header information. Until this file is properly converted to a standard Macintosh file, you will not be able to use it. If you try to open the MacBinary encoded file SimpleText may try top open the file. If this happens nonsense is produced on the screen. Binhex 5.0 addresses this issue by converting binary documents back into Macintosh applications or files. Since it does not translate Binhex 4.0 files, you should not use it unless you have MacBinary files which were not properly translated. Since most online services and communications software will automatically perform MacBinary transmissions, or at least allow you to select MacBinary as an option, it is not generally not necessary to use Binhex 5.0. * UUencode and UUdecode UUencode and UUdecode were developed in the UNIX environment, and perform a similar function to Binhex 4.0 encryption; they convert raw binary into an alternate text representation. This format is generally not suitable for transferring Macintosh applications, because it does not address differences between resource and data forks, or Desktop issues. UUencode and UUdecode only use the information in the data fork of files. UUencode and UUdecode are, however, widely used on both UNIX and PC systems, and they are standards. It is likely a user will deal with this format to process data which only has a data fork. The Tech Info Library article "UUencode & UUdecode: Explained" gives additional details on using UUencode and UUdecode encryption methods. This article is available online and will appear in the next issue of the Information Alley.

How Speech Recognition Software Affects Audio Compact Discs

By Donald Pitschel If you are running Speech Recognition software on your Power Macintosh computer, you may experience some difficulties when you try to play audio compact discs. When the Speech Recognition software is active you can mount audio compact discs, see the counter working in the AppleCD Audio Player, and hear audio from multimedia compact discs' and alert sounds without any problems. Clicking the Options button in the Sound In portion of the Sound control panel brings up the message "Sound input devices could not be accessed at this time. This is an issue involving accessing sound options while running Speech Recognition. When you turn Speech Recognition on, it "listens" for commands captured by the microphone. Because of this, Speech Recognition will not allow you to select the Audio compact disc as the input source. Therefore, you cannot play an audio compact disc through your internal speakers while speech recognition is on. Once Speech Recognition is turned off in the Speech Setup control panel, the sound in options of the sound control panel can be accessed in the Sound In portion. Click the button under Audio CD and click an X in the playthrough option box to hear your audio compact disc through your internal speakers.

Why Apple Guide May Not Work After System 7.5 Update 1.0

-------------------------------------------------------- By Anthony Snyder You may find that after installing the System 7.5 Update 1.0 you are not able to get Apple Guides to work. AppleGuide 1.2.5, installed by System 7.5 Update 1.0, on Power Macintosh computers may cause this. Mixins installed for features not present in the computer (like AV Mixins installed on a computer without AV technology) causes Apple Guide to "lose contact" with the Macintosh Guide and Tutorial files, all of the Guides no longer work. A Mixin is an Apple Guide content file that merges with the main Apple Guide file to add extra options. On any Macintosh computer running System 7.5 there is a standard Apple Guide file. However, there may also be other Apple Guide files added to the system depending on the features of that particular Macintosh computer. For example, there is a file called Speech Guide Additions installed when you install the PlainTalk software. All of the Apple Guide files may stop working if the Speech Guide Additions file is present in the Extensions folder, but PlainTalk has been removed or is not installed. To get Apple Guide to work properly again, remove the unnecessary Mixins that do not belong on your computer. For example, you should remove the PowerBook guide from a desktop Macintosh computer's System Folder. The only way to mistakenly install Mixins that are not needed by your computer is to do a Custom Install of the System 7.5 Update 1.0 for ANY Macintosh. An Easy Install or Custom Install for your particular Macintosh computer will not install unnecessary Mixins. * Problem with Apple Guide Files on Some Power Macintosh Models If you have a Power Macintosh and have trouble opening the Tutorial, Macintosh Guide, Shortcuts, or other Apple Guide databases, you may have extra files that do not belong on your computer. To solve the problem, follow the steps below: Step 1 Open the Extensions folder (inside the System Folder) and drag the PowerBook Guide Additions file (if present) to the Trash unless you have a PowerBook. Step 2 Unless your computer is an AV model, drag the following items to the Trash: Video Guide Additions, Video Player Guide Additions, Speech Guide Additions. Step 3 Choose Empty Trash from the Special menu. Step 4 Restart your computer. Other Guide Mixins from Apple or third-party applications may prevent the Macintosh Guide from opening. In some cases, you may need to choose which Guide is more important to you and remove any extra guides which are causing the problem.

File sharing among macs and Unix machines

>What file-sharing protocol are these 3 Mac's using ? We are using Apple's built in file-sharing facility (system 7.5 and later) with AppleTalk over Ethernet. > > >Do you mean you would like to have the Mac's behave as NFS clients ? >Or do you want your unix NFS servers to behave as Apple fileservers, >that is, do you want the unix servers to implement the Apple file >sharing protocol(s) as well as NFS ? > Approach 1: (Macs as NFS clients) NFS/share is an NFS client for Mac. It can work with NIS/BWNFSD/PCNFSD for authentication. To read unix files we will need the filesystem to be exported to us via /etc/exports file on the desired system. This is what we lack right now. Approach 2: (Unix as NFS and AFP servers) If you can make unix work as AFP server too it is a much better implementation than approach 1. Approach 1 can slow down/crash the Macs once in a while. >This sounds like an NFS implementation for the Mac. Is that in fact >what it is ? I would have to read the literature you are citing to >answer the question regarding "permission bits"; could be we'd have to >try it to get the answer. > All we need is a line like /usr -access=vtitools in the /etc/exports file to access files owned by the group "vtitools". Though, I don't know if it will accept links from this filesystem to other filesystems, e.g., /bigtmp. If you want to read more about NFS/share or any other package you can find all the boxes near the window in the SUN room. I am also around and will benefit from your advice on any precautionary stuff. > >How does INTERPRINT give you access ? Is it an implementation of the >unix remote lpd client protocol for Mac's ? > Yep. It is. >Sounds like you also have MacX (and probably Mac/TCP or whatever it's >called) on the Mac's also. Is that true ? > Yes. We are running eXodus (an X-server) via MacTCP. -Atul >From Sat Nov 11 15:19:22 1995 Unfortunately, NFS exports are done on a machine-by-machine basis. The following filesystems have been exported to the Macs you listed:

B&W picture on Word instead of greyscale

From Fri Jan 19 09:42:29 1996 Sometimes if you print from Word in blank and white mode you get a black background on a picture. This problem goes away once you print in greyscale.

24-bit image printing on RCS

From Fri Jan 19 09:51:00 1996 If an image is a 24-bit image it can screw up while printed from ppt from Mac on a RCS printer (don't know about others). Somehow, it inverts all colors. Can I Print An Iron-on Transfer Using My Apple Printer? ------------------------------------------------------- By Joe Wilson A currently airing television commercial depicts a young boy who creates a team logo on his computer, prints to a Canon color printer, then transfers the image to a t-shirt by ironing it on. If you were wondering whether or not the Apple Color StyleWriter 2200, 2400, and Color StyleWriter Pro printers can do this, they can! Transfer papers are special purpose papers that can be used to transfer images from a printed page to another surface such as a shirt. Apple does not supply or test transfer papers on our printers, but there are third-party companies that supply products which should be compatible. Canon sells special transfer paper for their line of MS-DOS/Windows color ink-jet printers which, due to the design similarities with the Color StyleWriter series of printers, should produce acceptable results when used with the Color StyleWriter 2200, Color StyleWriter 2400, and Color StyleWriter Pro. Under normal conditions the inks used in the Color StyleWriter 2200, Color StyleWriter 2400, and Color StyleWriter Pro are water soluble. This makes them poor candidates for transferring images to cloth, since you would normally wash the cloth. However, Canon sells a special coated transfer paper that can be used to transfer image to fabric. In order to permanently set the water-soluble ink into the fabric, the cloth needs to be dipped into a vinegar solution using the instructions provided with the paper. Canon's transfer paper does not require any special ink and can be ordered directly from Canon's consumer supplies group at (800) 671-1090. The Canon T-shirt Transfer Paper part number is TR101 as of the date of this publication. A Description of the Desktop Manager and Desktop Databases Files ---------------------------------------------------------------- By Doug Korns This article describes the history of the Desktop Manager and Desktop DB files. It also discusses the use and support of the Desktop Manager extension. In the early days of the Macintosh operating system, new objects like icons and windows had to be stored and managed somewhere by the operating system. Information, such as the bit mapped representation of the icon picture to display, and the association of documents to the application that created them, was saved in a database. This file was called "Desktop" and was an invisible file at the top level of every floppy disk. Information was placed in this file by the action of the Finder making calls to the Desktop Manager. The Desktop Manager, in turn, made calls to the Resource Manager, creating resource items within the Desktop file. When hard drives came into use on the Macintosh, the file system was enhanced with real folders and a hierarchical organization. This became known as the Hierarchical File System (HFS). The Desktop file maintained the same information as before, but it became much larger in size since hard drives held many more files and documents. AppleShare File Servers added the ability for the Macintosh to share larger hard drives. The fast access needs of the file servers began to strain the capabilities of the Resource Manager to maintain the Desktop database. A new database organization was designed for use by the Desktop Manager with AppleShare 2.0.x servers. This new Desktop database consisted of two invisible files called "Desktop DB" and "Desktop DF". These files have an index and data file, and provide much faster access to information than the original resource-based Desktop file, especially when the number of files being managed becomes very large. These files are also created at the top level of every volume over 2 Megabytes in size. Floppy disks kept the original resource based Desktop file since it is an adequate method for small volumes. To support the new Desktop Manager, AppleShare servers needed the Desktop Manager extension. Many users who owned the AppleShare 2.0.x product also ran this extension on their client computer with System 6 to help manage their growing file systems on large hard drives. This use of the Desktop Manager extension was never a supported or approved configuration by Apple outside of the AppleShare Server environment. This new dual file desktop database design was integrated into System 7 and is still in current use. In the early transition days from System 6 to System 7, many users were using the Desktop Manager extension from AppleShare with non-server computers because they found that when switching back and forth between System 6 and System 7, it would prevent a Desktop rebuild from occurring. This extension enabled the same desktop files to be shared between the two different versions of the Mac OS. This also was an untested and unsupported configuration that seemed to work for those who tried it. Why Apple Guides Cannot be Printed ---------------------------------- By Doug Korns Sometimes it seems easier to read a hard copy of a document rather than trying to read it on your computer screen. However, some "documents", such as the Macintosh Apple Guide, are designed as online help systems. They were not designed to be printed on paper. There is no way to print Apple Guides. They have no menu items associated with them because they exist in a floating palette that is independent of the frontmost application and its menu bar. That is, you can switch applications and the Guide stays on the top layer even though the menubar and application context has changed. Guides function this way so they can lead you through steps that may involve switching between multiple applications and can always be the topmost window. You would not really want to print an Apple Guide tutorial file, since they are context-sensitive databases. Guide sequences are really tree structures describing different actions to take with several branch paths depending on the current environment. You may notice that a Guide may not lead you through the same steps to perform an action every time. This is because it detects that, maybe today, you already have the Apple Menu Items folder or Control Panels folder open and it will skip the associated steps telling you to open that folder. So one user may see a different set of steps than another user for the same action sequence. If you were able to print the branches of the tree sequence linearly, then each page would have to tell you which page to turn to next, since many times it would not be the following page. This would not be an easy book to follow. The advantage of the Guide is that it can do this jumping for you and even skip the pages you do not need to see. There are five classes of Guide files: Tutorial, Help, About, Shortcut Guides and Other Guide files. Tutorial, Help, and Other Guide files do not lend themselves to printing as described above. About and Shortcut Guides are simpler cases where each page is usually a stand alone piece of information with no action sequencing. These Guides usually contain a small number of Guide Panels. An About Guide might have one or two pages and a Shortcut Guide might have six to twelve pages. You could take screen shots of these types of Guides using Command-Shift-3 and open, edit and print the captured PICT files. From Fri Jan 19 10:02:52 1996 >Atul - > Which version of NFS/Share are you using? If it is not 1.3.9 or 1.4, I >think we could try updating you to a newer version to see if the problem goes >away. Also, if NFS/Share in the top level of the system folder or in your >extensions folder? Let me know and we'll work from there! Hi John, Our NFS/Share is version 1.4 and we put it in the Extensions folder. Right now NFS/Share loads first and then the Extensions Manager. Atul Subject: SUMMARY: Mac maintenance Sender: Precedence: bulk Recently I posted the query below. A summary of responses, our intended actions and the raw responses are appended. Thanks to all who replied! --Dan Barnes/ Star-Tribune/ Minneapolis-St.Paul MY POST: What kind of regular maintenance and/or performance tuning do you give your most mission-critical macs, especially those folks in publishing? Stuff we do: Weekly scans with Norton Disk Doctor and Speed Disk. Weekly virus scans, plus autoscans of all floppies. Much knashing of teeth when stuff breaks on deadline! ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Summary of recommendations from Mac-Mgrs mailing list: 1. Use Mac Tools Pro for disk scans. 2. Use Apple Disk First Aid for disk scans. 3. Rebuild desktop monthly or weekly. 4. PRAM reset (zap) monthly or weekly. 5. Clean floppy drives every three or six months. 6. Reformat and restore hard drive every two months. 7. Back up local hard drives every night. 8. Install MacsBug to give more options when systems crash. 9. Keep a floppy in the drive to keep dust out (or cover opening). 10. Run HELP! app to get data of what's installed on a mac. 11. Run HELP! app to find extenions conflicts. 12. Don't buy cheap hardware. 13. Every six months, reformat drive and install from scratch. 14. Remove unnecessary extensions or control panels. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- New preventive maintenance sked DAILY 1. Virus scans 2. Log crashes 3. Run weekly procedure (see below) on macs that crash WEEKLY 1. Norton Disk Doctor scan 2. Mac Tools Pro scan 3. Disk First Aid scan 4. Norton Speed Disk 5. Rebuild desktop 6. Zap PRAM ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- MAC-MGR RESPONSES (NO PARTICULAR ORDER): how about periodic pruning of extensions & control panels that aren't absolutely necessary? they have a way of creeping into systems everywhere i've supported Macs. --- Stuff I do: o Monthly hard drive scans w/ MacTools Pro, and a scan after _any_ crashes. If trouble is detected by MacTools Pro, I keep running it until it tells me "No Problems Found". o Disinfectant Init installed on system, and periodic scans with the Disinfectant app. (no viruses ever detected). o Monthly Desktop rebuild and PRAM reset with Tech Tool. o Floppy drive cleaning using the 3M cleaning kit every three months. o Strict policy against unauthorized additions to the System Folder. o No unnecessary extensions or control panels -- no silly garbage allowed. --- Rebuilding the desktop should be on the same schedule with speed disk. --- I've found that the newer the Mac (or more specifically the newer the system software), the more benefit you get from reformatting and restoring your hard drive regularly. For me that's about every two months. --- In general, it sounds like you're much more fastidious than we are--NDD and NSD tend to happen when problems become apparent--but there are two things I try to do to all the machines regularly: rebuild desktops once per month and clean floppy drives every six months.; In addition to all of this, we think it's a good idea to back up the data on the HD on a nightly basis. That way, should anything fail, it is a small matter to get it going again. --- You may want to download MacsBug so that when systems crash, you have some means of elegantly rebooting. MacsBug gives you a few options: EA-Exit Application ES-Exit to Shell RS-ReStart RB-ReBoot Software crashes are inevitable until there is memory protection or until programmers get their sh*t together.Sigh... --- We do all of the same you mentioned (Norton, Virex etc.) plus we do a regular flossing if you will with Tech Tool, rebuilding desktop and zappin PRAM. Oh yes, we also TRY to get users to keep a floppy in their drive - cuts down on dust here in So Cal..... --- If you've got powermacs, I'd make sure that each has had the new utility ran on it's hd before running Norton on it. It will nail your hd! See Ric Ford's info from Symantec on it. --- We use a thing called "TechTool" from Micromat (it's freeware) to rebuild the desktop about once a month. We've found that a lot of minor nuisance-type problems come from bloated desktop files. --- Dictatorial control of where files are supposed to be, who's got them and using a standard graphics file set. Identical and standard OS and program versions. Vigeous and vigilant housekeeping. Periodic visits to each machine to examine its contents. Inculcating personal resposibility for those contents, especially use of the system file for files they created, lost and forgot about. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- >Stuff we do: Weekly scans with Norton Disk Doctor and Speed Disk. You can automate this with the latest version of Norton Utilities. You can have it scan the drive on shutdown and it will warn you if you need to run Speed Disk or the Disk Doctor. >Weekly virus scans, plus autoscans of all floppies. That's a BIG waste of time, since if you have SAM active on the Mac it will prevent viruses from taking action anyway. The active filescanning is redundant, and is a productivity loser - imagine: 20 seconds spent on every floppy (and you know it's usually more than that) times a number of floppies scanned per day, times any given employee's daily billing rate = cost of floppy scans when they aren't even necessary! For mission-critical macs I'd suggest the following: 1. Get yourself a Zip drive from Iomega (or one for every mission-crit mac if your budget allows) and backup each users' documents nightly using the Personal Backup utility that's provided with the drive. 2. Keep the system folder as clean and simple as possible, especially in the Control Panels and Extensions folders. If it's shareware, or from legacy apps that aren't used anymore, get rid of them! If it's a mission-critical mac then it should not be shareware territory - put it on some other mac, you have too much at risk, right? Keep extensions/panels that affect the menubar, pointer or apple menu off of these important macs too, because if these get corrupted they can affect much more than their isolated functional areas. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Keep inits to zero, esp. Microsoft ones. Discard Apple Menu Items and perhaps MacEasy Open -- We have three things we do here at Saint Mary's Press... 1. We have a Quadra 950 with a 1GB HD and 139MB of RAM just sitting there doing nothing. If someone's machine becomes disabled they use this spare workstation. 2. All critical work is done and saved onto two places... One copy on the individuals machine and one on the server in case one goes down they can rely on the other and continue their work until I fix the down machine. 3. If a machine is acting peculiar I run a program called HELP! by Teknosys (1-800-873-3494) it usually finds and alerts me to all of the software conflict and gives me a printout of the applications and driver versions on that Mac. It also informs me if there is a newer version of the software driver or application available. I really don't run the others like Norton or MacTools on a regular basis. We do have Virex for our virus software and it is set on autoscan as well. One thing we don't do is purchase cheap hard drives. I would rather pay twice as much for a quality hard drive that won't go bad on me then save money and spend my time wondering why it is down... Good Luck... --- I also scan with Disk First Aid (sometimes finds problems that Norton doesn't). Completely rebuild desktop files (delete or use a utility like TechTool). Clean floppy disk drives (I have a little kit to do this). Some also zap the PRAM once in a while, but I don't. --- In my opinion the most important thing is the scan done with Norton DD. If you let the HD's have around 10 % of free space, then Speeddisk should not be necessary (if the files you have on these macs are very large, you should increase the free space...if possible). If you install Filesaver on the macs, a scan is done every time they are shut down, and that can warn if the HD has a problem. Virus scans should not be that important, i've never got one since the system 7 came out. But Disinfectant is ok, with it you can install an init, that sits in the background and monitors what happends on the mac, and stops eventual virusattacks. In my experence the scans done with SAM of floppies is a waste of time. Most floppy errors were due to bad quality, not virus, and as far as I know we haven't had any HD problems due to virus infections (and there are no restrictions in the use of the machines in the lab) --- ther than the Norton's Disk Doctor and Speed Disk, we run weekly virus check software. Every six months we do a low level on the drives with a complete reload of all software (not from backup). We also do not allow the users to have all the little system extensions that make the mac fun, but makes system support such a bear. Some machines do run DiskExpress II, on those we skip the weekly Speed Disk. -- ### ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Comments to: Last Revised: Wednesday, November 29, 1995 From Sun Jan 21 18:15:43 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:15:37 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Mac Manager - On Appleshare etc. X-Url: Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="------------4F353E0649E2" Status: RO This is a multi-part message in MIME format. --------------4F353E0649E2 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit r.html?Macsbug#first_hit --------------4F353E0649E2 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Disposition: inline; filename="Stoppingalertboxeswhenser.html" X-Sender: Mime-Version: 1.0 Date: Fri, 20 Oct 1995 08:59:04 +1200 To: From: (Owen Watson) Subject: SUMMARY: Stopping alert boxes when server crashes Sender: Precedence: bulk The almost universal response was to get the AppleShareSetup control panel (from info-mac/gui, I think) which gives you a large amount of control over the various alerts that AppleShare afflicts the user with. HOWEVER, you must be running System 7.1 at least (well, I tried it on a 7.0.1 machine and it gave an error message). A more intriguing response came from (Yuge) which involves MacsBug & ResEdit. I append it to this message. Thanks to (Yuge) (Mike Schon-Hegrad) (Mark Siple) Johannes Obst <> (Larry Eichenbaum) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- The original query was: As our fileserver is getting old (a Mac II running DataClub) it occasionally flakes, and users get the inevitable modal alert about the fileserver disappearing. Is there any way of patching AppleShare on users' machines so there is no alert and the server icon gracefully disappears to the trash (rather than just greying out). Okey Dokey is not an option (I've tried it, and it interferes with some programs). As always, reply to me and I'll summarise. BTW, has anyone got DataClub 3? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yuge's reply was: I don't know how much you know about Mac assembly language, but here's a way to modify the code to remove the dialog. I haven't tried this for myself, nor do I have the time, but it should work (unless AppleShare now uses notification manager routines). (You will want to make a backup of the AppleShare file) First, you need to be able to re-create the dialog box. Perhaps you could log on to the server, and physically disconnect the machine from the network. Once you have a method, break into MacsBug and set an A-Trap break for _ModalDialog. You can do this by typing "atb modaldialog". Then type "g" to resume. Then, make the dialog box come up, and instead of displaying the box, it will jump into MacsBug. Dissassemble a page of code by typing "ip". Write down the hex values on the far right of the screen surrounding the _ModalDialog call. Now, fire up ResEdit. Open up the AppleShare file and open various resources that contain code (not data) in the hex editor, and search, using the Find menu item, for the hex values that you wrote down. If the search comes up positive, click Find Next again to make sure there isn't another match. If there's another match, then you have to repeat the above proccess and write down more of the hex, so the hex string you have is more unique. Within the selection, there should be an 'A991' somewhere. This is the trap call for _ModalDialog. change this to 'A850' which is the trap call for _InitCursor which is a fairly innocent routine. Save the file. I think you'll have to reboot before these changes take effect. Now try to recreate the error. If the box still comes up, then the wrong portion of code was modified, otherwise the patch was successful. I hope this doesn't seem too complex; it's the best way for me to describe how to do it. -Eugene Cohen .......................................................................... Owen Watson, The Royal Society of NZ, PO Box 598, Wellington, New Zealand Internet Ph: +64 4 472 7421 Fax: +64 4 473 1841 The gateway to New Zealand science: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Comments to: Last Revised: Wednesday, November 29, 1995 --------------4F353E0649E2-- From Sun Jan 21 18:21:12 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:21:08 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Mac Managers Page X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO From Sun Jan 21 18:38:58 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:38:54 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: MacSense address - Electronic Mac magazine X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO From Sun Jan 21 18:49:11 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:49:04 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Excel and Netscape Defrost Conflict X-Url: Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="------------63983C3D54AF" Status: RO This is a multi-part message in MIME format. --------------63983C3D54AF Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit --------------63983C3D54AF Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Disposition: inline; filename="c3n2bysystem.html" Back to the choices screen 6.0.x * RAM Doubler / America Online / MacsBug 7.0 * Desktop Dialer / Contact * Macintosh Easy Open / Word * PowerKey * Word / Now Menus * Word / Super Boomerang * WYSIWYG Menus / Xpress / Type Reunion 7.0 or later * AutoDoubler * Macintosh Common Lisp * Now Menus / Illustrator * Now Menus / PaperPort Extension * Now Menus / ScanJet * Now Menus / WYSIWYG Menus / Wordperfect * Office * Office / Teleport * QuickFiler / Global Village Toolbox * QuickFiler / Retrospect * QuickFiler / Virtual Disk Lite * Super Boomerang / Wordperfect * Thread Manager / Mode32 7.1 * Aaron / TCP/CONNECT II * Eudora Light * GlobalFax / LaserWriter * Now Utilities / Pop-up-Folder * Speed Copy / Netware * Speed Copy / Super Boomerang * Speed Emulator / Panorama 7.1 or later * 6100/7100/8100 L2 cache * EtherMac MicroSCSI Driver (.ENET0) / PowerPort * FolderBolt Pro / FrameMaker * Gryphon Dynamic Effects / Premiere * Microsoft Works * Netscape / Norton Disk Doctor * OmniPage Direct / Agfa StudioScan II * RAM Doubler / Myst * RAM Doubler / Myst * SoundManager / Stowaway * Speed Doubler 7.1.x * ClarisWorks / Color StyleWriter 2400 Driver / Thread Manager 7.1.2 * Type Reunion / Multiple Master Fonts / Word * Word Installer 7.5 * Aaron / Notes * Anarchie / RAM Doubler * ChoiceStick / FaxSTF * Cyberfinder / Quadra Monitors Extension / Monitors Control * eDisk * Eudora Pro / Color Picker * File Sharing Extension / Anubis Disk Mounter / Anubis Disk * FreePPP / RAM Doubler * GlobalFax / 4th Dimension Client * GlobalFax / ColorStudio * GlobalFax / Design Studio * GlobalFax / DesignWorks * GlobalFax / Excel * GlobalFax / Gatekeeper Aid * GlobalFax / Hypercard * GlobalFax / LaserWriter * GlobalFax / MacPaint * GlobalFax / Netscape Defrost * GlobalFax / PageMaker * GlobalFax / Persuasion * GlobalFax / PhotoShop * GlobalFax / QuickDraw GX * GlobalFax / Ready, Set, Go ! * GlobalFax / Studio32 * GlobalFax / TrashBack * GlobalFax / Virex * GlobalFax / Word * GlobalFax / Xpress * Greg's Buttons / FAXcillitate / MathLib * LaserWriter / Persuasion * LaserWriter Bridge / BroadCast * MacIRMA / Remote Access Client * MacPPP / Teleport Control Panel * MacSLIP / MacTCP / After Dark * MountCache / PC Exchange * Netscape Defrost / Excel * Netscape Defrost / GlobalFax * OneClick / FileMaker Pro * Optimem Ram Charger / Poser * PC Cards * Persuasion / LaserWriter * Photoshop * PopChar / PowerPoint * Powerbook Utilities * PowerPort PC Card * PowerPort PC Card / PC Card Modem Extension * PowerPort PC Card / Powerbook PCMCIA Expansion Module * Quickmail * RAM Doubler / QuickTime * RAM Doubler / SCSI Manager * RAM Doubler / Stickies * SpaceSaver * Speed Copy / PopUp Folder * Speed Doubler * Speed Doubler / Macintosh Common Lisp * Speed Doubler / PowerPrint * Speed Emulator / KeyAccess * Stuffit Delux / General Controls * Teleport / PC Setup * Type Manager / Acrobat Reader / PortJuggler * Virex / At Ease for Workgroups * Word / Big Thesaurus / Coach Pro * Word / Greg's Buttons * Word / Now Save * Word / Now Utilities * Word / Optimem * Word / PopChar * Word / QuicKeys * Word / Super ATM * Word / Thunder * Word / Type Reunion * Word / WYSIWYG Menus 7.5 or later * Asante Ethernet EN/SC * ClarisWorks * Document Converter * FaxSTF * FileMaker Pro * FoxPro Mac (Installer) * PhotoEngine * RAM Doubler / PageMaker * Speed Access / sAVe the Disk * Speed Emulator / MacTCP / MacSLIP * Speed Emulator / PBBlockMoveInit * Speed Emulator / Silverlining * Speed Emulator / Thunder 7 * Speed Emulator / WordScan for PaperPort * Video Player / PlainTalk * WordScan for PaperPort / Speed Emulator 7.5.1 * Aaron / American Heritage Dictionary * Acrobat Exchange / RAM Charger * Apple Menu Options * Apple Menu Options / Type Reunion * Apple TV/Video System / MacTCP / Interslip * AppleShare File Server * CE Toolbox / Cyberfinder * ClarisDraw * ClarisWorks * Disk Express / RAM Doubler * Dreams / RAM Doubler or any VM Scheme * Excel * File Sharing Extension / NFS/Share * FreePPP / Memory Control Panel / General Controls * FreePPP / QuickCam * Hard Drive Toolkit * Hard Drive Toolkit PE / EZ 135 * httpd4Mac / Super Boomerang * Macintosh Easy Open * MacTCP / Nisus Writer / Netscape * Micronet Utility * Microsoft Works * Netscape / RAM Doubler (or Virtual Memory) * Norton Disk Doctor * Norton Partition * Norton Utilities / Folderbolt Pro * PersonalBackup * Photoshop / RAM Doubler * PlainTalk * Port Juggler / PaperPort * PowerBook Utilities / PopupFolders * RAM Doubler * RAM Doubler / Word * RAM Doubler / Zip Drive Extension / Eudora Pro * Retrospect / RAM Doubler * SCSI Manager / Syquest Drives * SilverLining Lite / RAM Doubler * SimplePlayer / Quicktime * Snitch / Cyberfinder * Speed Doubler * Speed Doubler / Apple Personal Diagnostics * Teleport / Xpress * Turbomouse Trackball * Type Reunion / Apple Menu Options * Word 7.5.1 or later * Hard Drive Toolkit 7.5.2 * After Dark / Desktop Strip * Apple Menu Options * At Ease / Open Transport / Modern Memory Manager * AutoDoubler / Acrobat Reader * Canvas * Civilization * Copy Doubler * Desktop Tools * Disk Tools Disk * DiskLock * Ethernet (Any) * Eudora * Eudora Pro * Excel * FileMaker / CD Audio Player * FotoManPlus / Digital Darkroom / Photoshop * Geoport Express Modem Software * GlobalFax * Install Disk 1 * LabelWriter XL * Laserjet * MacCIM / Modern Memory Manager * MacTools Pro * Now Menus * Now Menus * One Click / Master Juggler * Open Transport / Comet * Open Transport / Emailer * Open Transport / LaserWriter Bridge * Open Transport / MacPPP * Open Transport / Xpress * PaperPort * PB Enabler * PhotoMatic / Kais PowerTools * Photoshop / Painter * RAM Doubler * RAM Doubler / CD-ROM Software * RAM Doubler / Color One Scanner * RAM Doubler / Fetch / File Sharing * Ray Dream Designer / MPW * Retrospect * S.A.M. * S.A.M. / Nuntius * SAM * Session * Shared Library Manager / MacTCP * Speed Doubler * Speed Doubler * Speed Emulator / Excel * Startup Manager / ATI Video Extension * StillCinema * Suitcase / Open Transport * Suitcase II / System * Timbuktu / Open Transport * VisualWorks / LibraryManager * Word * WriteNow All * PowerKey or PowerKey Pro / Media Control Station All Systems * Norton Utilities / FirstClass Server Back to the choices screen --------------63983C3D54AF-- From Sun Jan 21 18:51:05 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:51:01 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: PoPChar and PowerPoint conflict X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO From Sun Jan 21 18:53:56 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:53:53 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Upgrade to Apple Menu Options 1.0.2 X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO From Sun Jan 21 18:55:49 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:55:46 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Appleshare File Server conflict X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO AFS 4.0.2 and System 7.5.x are simply incompatible. The fix is to go to AFS 4.1 and System 7.5.1 or AFS 4.0.2 and System 7.1.2. (According to Apple sources, the only supported version of AppleShare to use with System 7.5 is AppleShare 4.1 or later.) From Sun Jan 21 18:57:24 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:57:21 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Excel - OLE failed to load problem X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Products involved: Excel 5.0 (Microsoft ) Mac: All PPC / System: 7.5.1 Problem Type:Program Errors (Non-fatal) Symptoms: OLE Libraries fail to load. Cure: Turn on Modern Memory Manager and set virtual memory to over 20 Mb. Contributed by: Lee Givens Method: Manual isolation. Confirmed by Microsoft. Confidence: 5 Date of report:01/12/95 From Sun Jan 21 18:58:31 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 18:58:27 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: File Sharing Extension and NFS/Share X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Products involved: File Sharing Extension 7.5.1 (Apple Support) NFS/Share 1.4 (Intercon) Mac: All / System: 7.5.1 Problem Type:Communications Errors Symptoms: NFS/Share fails. Cure: Update NFS/Share to 1.4 Contributed by: Jerome C. Benton Method: Reported in MACINTOUCH and confirmed by Intercon. Confidence: 5 Date of report:07/12/95 From Sun Jan 21 19:00:11 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 19:00:07 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Macintosh Easy Open (MEO) X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Products involved: Macintosh Easy Open 1.1.1 (Apple Support) Mac: All / System: 7.5.1 Problem Type:System Errors (Non-fatal) Symptoms: Desktop rebuilds on every startup. Cure: 1) Delete Macintosh Easy Open Preferences 2) Disable all extensions EXCEPT MEO. 3) Restart and let MEO rebuild the desktop. 4) Re-enable the rest of your extensions on the next start-up. Contributed by: Dave Slipp Method: Online discussions. Confidence: 4 Date of report:01/12/95 From Sun Jan 21 19:01:26 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 19:01:22 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Personal Backup (IOMEGA) X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Products involved: PersonalBackup (Iomega) (Net site unknown) Mac: Unspecified / System: 7.5.1 Problem Type:System Crash/Hang Symptoms: Computer locks up at startup Cure: Remove extension, no further testing done yet. Contributed by: chuck scheffreen Method: Eliminated extension from startup set... using Now Startup Manager, but did not troubleshoot with it. Confidence: 2 Date of report:17/12/95 From Sun Jan 21 19:08:14 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 19:08:10 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: MEO and Word on 680x0 Macs X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Products involved: Macintosh Easy Open 1.1 (Apple Support) Word 6.0.1 (Microsoft) Mac: All 680x0 / System: 7.0 Problem Type:Program Errors (Non-fatal) Symptoms: Macintosh Easy Open 1.1 may not list Microsoft Word as an available application when you open non-native files (such as text, RTF, or other file formats). Cure: Fixed in MS Word 6.0.1 Contributed by: Dave Pelton Method: Microsoft Word for the Macintosh Product Lead Confidence: 5 Date of report:01/12/95 From Sun Jan 21 19:09:57 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Sun, 21 Jan 1996 19:09:53 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0b6 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Word Installer on Mac II VX X-Url: Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Products involved: Word Installer 6.0.1 (Microsoft) Mac: Mac II vx / System: 7.1.2 Problem Type:Program Errors (Non-fatal) Symptoms: Word cannot find its dictionary or other support files. It reports that the Microsoft folder cannot be found. Cure: Do not do a custom install. To reduce the HD footprint, do a Full or Typical Install, then a custom remove of unneeded features. Contributed by: Dave Slipp Method: Manual Confidence: 2 Date of report:01/12/95 From Mon Jan 22 12:49:03 1996 Date: Mon, 22 Jan 96 12:49:00 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA02870; Mon, 22 Jan 96 12:49:00 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: NFS/Share 1.3.8 Status: RO Check what version of NFS/Share we have on jack's mac. We need NFS/Share 1.4 so that it doesn't conflict with File Sharing Extension. Also check InterCon's site for possible updates. Atul From Mon Jan 22 13:09:43 1996 Date: Mon, 22 Jan 96 13:09:40 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA03013; Mon, 22 Jan 96 13:09:40 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Get Apple menu Options 1.0.2 instead of present 1.0.1 Status: RO From daemon Fri Mar 31 12:57:19 1995 Date: Fri, 31 Mar 95 12:57:17 -0500 From: garg (Atul Garg) To: dking, jbarthel Subject: "NCSA Telnet..." Cc: garg Status: RO Atul> How's netsurfing going? Dave> So far so good. I commented out the built-in driver in NCSA Dave>Telnet and added "hardware=packet" and now telnet, lpr, and Netscape all Dave>work, but they can only be used one at a time. In other words, I have to Dave>log out of unix to print a file or use Netscape, which is kind of a Dave>pain. Is there any hope of fixing that? I also tried hardware=packet and it works on the 6th floor PC. The problem is that NCSA telnet wants a sole connection to the packet driver (I have other theories too). Though you can now at least run them (one at a time). Anyway, I am looking at ways to fix this problem. Atul . From Fri Mar 31 16:13:09 1995 Date: Fri, 31 Mar 95 16:13:02 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA08718; Fri, 31 Mar 95 16:13:02 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: checked wintelb3 (NCSA Telnet - beta 3 for windows - buggy and not good) Status: RO From Wed Jan 18 14:47:27 1995 Date: Wed, 18 Jan 95 14:47:24 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA16363; Wed, 18 Jan 95 14:47:24 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: "xmosaic installation" Cc: Status: RO X-Status: Hi Dave, I think I have reached a point that I can make the CIEEM mosaic stuff public. This will give other people at CIEEM a chance to orient themselves and help in debugging things. Yesterday, I downloaded xmosaic for RS6000s and it runs on rs03,04,05, and mcd. It can't run on rs01 and rs02 because they don't run AIX 3.2 (or higher). Also it can't access outside addresses on mcd (maybe there is a DNS or /etc/hosts problem). --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Anyway, you will have to do the following so that anybody can run it on RS6000s: 1. Copy the file /net/inp_FRISC/vtitools/sw-aix/bin/Mosaic-ibm to /usr/local/bin or /usr/bin or wherever you want. 2. Make a shell script named "xmosaic" in the same place with the following line in it: Mosaic-ibm -home 3. Create a directory as /usr/local/lib/mosaic (the path for this mosaic dir is hard-coded). 4. Copy the following files to /usr/local/lib/mosaic : /net/inp_FRISC/vtitools/sw-aix/src/mosaic/ /net/inp_FRISC/vtitools/sw-aix/src/mosaic/mime.types /net/inp_FRISC/vtitools/sw-aix/src/mosaic/mailcap ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Right now I am running the mosaic server (known as http server) on To make the whole system robust I will recommend the following: 1. Name a machine (probably, inp.cie) as If anybody wants to connect to cieem their first guess will naturally be 2. The server will be run from that machine by root on port 80 which is the standard port for http servers. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Let me know when you fix the RS6000 installation so that I can go into beta testing mode. I can download the PC version too if somebody needs it. Thanks, Atul From Wed Jan 18 14:58:39 1995 Date: Wed, 18 Jan 95 14:58:36 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA16385; Wed, 18 Jan 95 14:58:36 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: "xmosaic notes" Status: RO X-Status: 1. /net/inp_FRISC/ is not accessible from rs01 and rs02. 2. app-defaults.color should probably be put into /usr/lpp/X11/lib/X11/app-defaults as just Mosaic. The application will also need to be renamed as Mosaic (as everything inside is like Mosaix*...). 3. Mosaic for AIX needs AIX 3.2.4 with X11R5. 4. A system wide environment variable will probably be needed as NNTPSERVER 5. Webmaster account 6. While compiling mpeg_play for RS6000s the compiler couldn't resolve references to .XShmCreateImage .XShmAttach .XShmDetach .XGetEventBase .XShmPutImage .XShmQueryExtension Atul From Sat Apr 1 15:09:42 1995 Date: Sat, 1 Apr 95 15:09:40 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA15072; Sat, 1 Apr 95 15:09:40 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Add the following to the system wide Xdefaults file on RS6000s" Cc: Status: RO Hi Dave, If you add the following resource in the system wide Xdefaults file it will bring RPI's home page whenever somebody fires up xmosaic on RS6000s. Right now it brings up NCSA page from uiuc. Once we fix our stuff up we can change it to our site. Mosaic*homeDocument: Atul PS: I have found another program qvtnet which works with our trumpet winsock routines. It has a lpr client and provides vt220, vt102, and vt52 emulation and you can run netscape and terminal sessions simultaneously. Will show it to you on monday. From Sun Apr 2 15:54:05 1995 Date: Sun, 2 Apr 95 15:54:00 EDT From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA15935; Sun, 2 Apr 95 15:54:00 EDT Message-Id: <> To: Subject: xmosaic default height is 680 and default width is 620 pixels Status: RO From Sun Apr 30 14:45:49 1995 Received: by (5.65+UW95.02/UW-NDC Revision: 2.32 ) id AA08825; Sun, 30 Apr 95 11:32:19 -0700 Date: Sun, 30 Apr 95 11:32:19 -0700 Message-Id: <> To: From: Errors-To: Subject: The MIME information you requested (last changed Apr 4 14:05) Status: RO -------------------------------------------------------------------------- What is MIME? MIME stands for "Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions". It is the standard for how to send multipart, multimedia, and binary data using the world-wide Internet email system. Typical uses of MIME include sending images, audio, wordprocessing documents, programs, or even plain text files when it is important that the mail system does not modify any part of the file. MIME also allows for labelling message parts so that a recipient (or mail program) may determine what to do with them. How can I read a MIME message? Since MIME is only a few years old, there are still some mailers in use which do not understand MIME messages. However, there are a growing number of mail programs that have MIME support built-in. (One popular MIME-capable mailer for Unix, VMS and PCs is Pine, developed at the University of Washington and available via anonymous FTP from the host in the file /mail/pine.tar.Z) In addition, several proprietary email systems provide MIME translation capability in their Internet gateway products. However, even if you do not have access to a MIME-capable mailer or suitable gateway, there is still hope! There are a number of stand-alone programs that can interpret a MIME message. One of the more versatile is called "munpack". It was developed at Carnegie Mellon University and is available via anonymous FTP from the host in the directory pub/mpack/. There are versions available for Unix, PC, Mac and Amiga systems. For compabibility with older forms of transferring binary files, the munpack program can also decode messages in split-uuencoded format. Does MIME replace UUENCODE? Yes. UUENCODE has been used for some time for encoding binary files so that they can be sent via Internet mail, but it has several technical limitations and interoperability problems. MIME uses a more robust encoding called "Base64" which has been carefully designed to survive the message transformations made by certain email gateways. How can I learn more about MIME? The MIME Internet standard is described in RFC-1521, available via anonymous FTP from many different Internet hosts, including: o US East Coast Address: ( o US West Coast Address: ( o Pacific Rim Address: ( o Europe Address: ( Look for the file /rfc/rfc1521.txt Another source of information is the Internet news group "comp.mail.mime", which includes a periodic posting of a "Frequently Asked Questions" list. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- From Wed Sep 20 14:55:40 1995 Date: Wed, 20 Sep 95 14:55:35 EDT From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA00556; Wed, 20 Sep 95 14:55:35 EDT Message-Id: <> To:,,,,,,,,, Subject: Printing from Sun room Mac works - Read on Cc: Status: RO The Power Mac in the Sun room ( now offers the same type of printing facility as from Prof. McDonald's Mac IIfx ( except the color inkjet printer. Use the following guidelines to print from : Printing from inside an application ----------------------------------- 1. Go inside "Chooser" from the apple menu and click on "InterPrint" icon. 2. This will bring up the names of three postscript printers connected to the network: ibm4019 - located in the VAX room on 6th floor ibm4029 - located inside the front office ibm3 - located on the 4th floor (clean room annexe) Click on one of these icons to select that printer. Preferably, use ibm4019 or ibm3 if you are a student to avoid flak from front office folks. 3. Now you can print to your heart's content by clicking the "Print..." service form inside the "File" menu of your application. Printing a postscript file -------------------------- 1. If you have a postscript file lying around you can print it by dragging it on the appropriate printer icon in the lower left part of the screen. Checking the printer queue -------------------------- 1. Click on the "lpr monitor" icon in the lower line on the screen to check the print queue status. If anybody finds any mistake in this description please let me know. Thanks, Atul From Wed Sep 20 16:50:11 1995 Received: from by (Sendmail 8.6.12/950620.JB) with SMTP id QAA29182; Wed, 20 Sep 1995 16:50:07 -0400 X-Mailer: InterCon TCP/Connect II 2.2.1 Mime-Version: 1.0 Message-Id: <> Date: Wed, 20 Sep 1995 16:54:01 -0500 From: "Brian E. Crawford" To: Subject: Re: Key for InterPrint Content-Type: Multipart/Mixed;boundary=part_AC85F7A9000D395900000002 Status: RO --part_AC85F7A9000D395900000002 Content-Type: Text/Plain; charset=US-ASCII Content-Disposition: Inline > Hi Brian, > > Thanks for the demo key. InterPrint works for now. Though I had to spend > a few hours to figure out a few conflicts. I wonder if your > technical people care to comment on the following problems: > > 1. InterPrint doesn't work with LaserWriter 8 or LaserWriter GX. > > 2. It also doesn't show up in the Chooser dialog if Quickdraw > GX / LaserWriter GX / Laserwriter 8 are present in the Extensions > folder. > > Right now, it creates very big postscript files even for miniscule > text files. > > Thanks for your time, > > Atul > > Atul, Thanks for writing. InterPrint does not currently support LaserWriter8 or QuickdrawGX. We are very aware of the need and will be developing an updated version in the near future, which will incorporate this functionality. I would greatly appreciate it if you would send an email to "" with your requests. If you like, you may also get direct technical support by sending email to "". As always, please do not hesitate to contact me with further questions or comments. I look forward to hearing from you. --part_AC85F7A9000D395900000002 Content-Type: Text/Plain; charset=US-ASCII Content-Disposition: Inline Sincerely, {}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{} {}Brian Crawford Tech Support: (703) 709-5520 (voice) {} {}InterCon Systems Corporation (email) {} {}Herndon, VA FTP Server: {} {}Sales Consultant WWW Server: {} {}(703) 709-5529 (voice) NetShark: {} {}(703) 709-3360 (fax) {} {} (email) {} {}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{}{} --part_AC85F7A9000D395900000002-- From Wed Sep 20 18:43:08 1995 Date: Wed, 20 Sep 95 18:43:05 EDT From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA05106; Wed, 20 Sep 95 18:43:05 EDT Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Desired Features Cc: Status: RO Hi, I use InterPrint to print to postscript printers over a TCP/IP network. Recently, I observed some problems with InterPrint (conflicts with the system on Power Macs) and was told to inform you about these desirables. So here they are: 1. InterPrint doesn't work with LaserWriter 8 or LaserWriter GX. 2. It also doesn't show up in the Chooser dialog if Quickdraw GX / LaserWriter GX / Laserwriter 8 are present in the Extensions folder. 3. Right now, it creates very big postscript files even for miniscule text files. Hope to see this resolved in the next release, Thanks, Atul Garg From Thu Sep 21 13:54:53 1995 Date: Thu, 21 Sep 95 13:54:47 EDT From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA16067; Thu, 21 Sep 95 13:54:47 EDT Message-Id: <> To:,,,,,,,,, Subject: Accessing other Mac storage volumes and remote printing - (Long) Cc: Status: RO *********************************************************************** FREEBIES : Prof. McDonald has donated a few ZIP disks (3 PC + 1 Mac - lying near the sun room mac) to encourage friscers to buy ZIP drives for their home computers. *********************************************************************** Now you can access the mounted volumes of a mac from another mac on the network. The following discussion will apply to only eireann.cie and gaas.cie. At the end, I have also discussed the methods to print directly to an RCS laser printer/color-printer from either of the Macs using your own RCS account and directly from the application (see (D)). (A)To access the storage volumes ----------------------------- 1. Click on : Apple Menu -> Chooser 2. Click on : AppleShare 3. This will bring up a list of available appletalk zones in the lower left window and the corresponding fileservers in the right window. 4. Click on : rpi-cii (lower left window) 5. Double Click on : (if you are in Jack's office) (if you are in Sun room) 6. This will bring up a dialog boxwith the user name as "mcdonald". 7. Type "frisc" as the password and click on OK. 8. This will bring up the mounted volumes (hard drives, floppy drives, ZIP drives) on the other Mac. 9. Click on the one you want to mount on your local Mac (you can choose additional volumes by pressing "shift" and clicking on them. 10. Click OK and you will see the icons of the other drives on your mac. 11. After you are done, drag the extra icons to trash. 12. Your job of opening up these server has been made easier (read B below). (B) Opening a file server ------------------------- 1. You will see the icons (aliases/pointers) of the "other" mac drives at the bottom of the screen. 2. Clicking on any of them will bring the password dialog box immediately. 3. Proceed to item 6 in (A) above. (C) Maintenance --------------- 1. This kind of file sharing is done over Ethernet using Appletalk protocols. The server Mac has to give file sharing permission to others to let them see its drives. 2. Click on : Apple Menu -> Control Panels -> Network 3. Click on "EtherTalk..." (if it is not highlighted already). Click OK on any dialog box. 4. Click on : Apple Menu -> Control Panels -> Sharing Setup 5. You can assign user names and passwords here. Right now the user name "mcdonald" and the password "frisc" works from both machines. 6. Click on "File sharing" inside this sharing setup panel. 7. It will take a few moments to enable file sharing. 8. Close all the panels. (D) Printing to any appletalk enabled printer over the network -------------------------------------------------------------- 1. All the important printers/servers on campus support multiple protocols incluidng TCP/IP and Appletalk. This implies that we can send a postscript files to these printers using TCP/IP protocol or a Mac file using Appletalk protocol by sending it directly from inside a Mac application. 2. Our CIE postscript printers are not Appletalk equipped because the server ( could not be made to understand Appletalk. This is why we had to install InterPrint which converts an appletalk packet (so to speak) into a TCP/Ip packet and sends it over the network. 3. Now to print on RCS printers: Click on: Apple Menu -> Chooser -> AppleShare Click on: rpi-cii (lower left window) Double Click on: RCS Spooler Server (in the right window) It brings up a dialog box. Supply your RCS username and password (doesn't accept more than 8 characters). Click on: OK You will see a daemon icon with your RCS username on the desktop (screen). This enables you to print on any printer on campus. Now to select a particular printer, again open Chooser. Click on LaserWriter in the top left window (instead of Appleshare). You will see that it brings up a list of printers in the right hand window. Click on any printer to select it. You can find a partial list of the printers on the wall near the whiteboard. Your mac is now ready to print. You can now do "File -> Print". After you are done, drag your daemon to trash otherwise somebody else can print on your RCS account. Atul From Thu Sep 21 18:03:39 1995 Date: Thu, 21 Sep 1995 17:18:06 -0400 From: Received: by (AIX 3.2/UCB 5.64/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA08673; Thu, 21 Sep 1995 17:18:06 -0400 Message-Id: <> To:,,,,,,,,,,, Subject: Zip and all that Jazz... Cc: Status: RO Iomega the maker of Zip drives now has the Jazz drive. It is a 1GB dismountable hard drive of modest cost. I ordered some to try on the MAC in my office and the PS/2 at home. The cost is $599 for the drive, and $100 for the diskettes. Since this is considerably more expensive than the Zip drive I think we will standardize on the cheaper 100 MB Zip for transfer of larger files around amongst platforms not connected by the network, such as home computers isolated from the campus by slow phone lines. The Zip drive is only $199, and $14.95 for the diskettes in quantities of 10. The Jazz disk looks OK for backups, particularly semiannual slide presentations and reports that can easily eat 100B just for one meeting. My 1GB disk already has only 320 MB left over from just the last semiannual. But the cost of the diskette is just too high for sneaker net type transfers of documnents or images. More appropriate for multimedia video presentations. But then the industry has settlec on a format for a 4.7GB dismountable CD, which could easily go double sided eventually. So standby for the age when my entire office can collapse into a handful of these CD's. Of course I could be scanning for quite a long time.... Hmmm. I could get into my office for a change. In the meantime Atul has set up Intercom NFS protocols which makes it possible to share files right here on the network between MAC's and SUN's without even having to move them. Finally we are going to spring for another $384 to purchase 8MB for the 486 board. I hope that will speed up both the MAC emulation and shrink that huge 14 MB MACOS system partition...which I think completely contains the 486 memory inside of it. It may also speed up the nonemulating 486. It's an exciting time. Even the creature comforts are becoming mind boggling! And we may yet live to see students going to the RPI book store to purchase all their books on one CD, for a fraction of the price of the paperbound version. Jack From Thu Jan 18 12:12:49 1996 Date: Thu, 18 Jan 96 12:12:45 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA11737; Thu, 18 Jan 96 12:12:45 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Mac Problems Cc: Status: RO > We have the big display up and apparently suffer no ill effects from >that or the memory upgrade except that startup is terribly slow. Slow startup is due to doubling of the memory size in my opinion. > I have two problems. ONe is that the HP printer ICON is not in >the chooser. I assume that resulted from some of your playing around >with the Conflict Catcher program. Can you show me how to create a >set of inits which will permit the HP printer and a few other items >to be operative, such as PC exchange, and IOMEGA Zip Disk. I think if you press the space bar during startup the conflict catcher dialog box will come up. You can then add HP printer to the standard set and other extensions such as PC Exchange and IOMEGA driver. If it doesn't work then you will have to create another set (same way as in the old Extensions Manager) for HP printer. > Second question is whether it is possible to simply feed in a >new access code on the demo White Pines program already installed >as the DEMO code...or whether I have to create a whole new one. No. You will have to reinstall the White Pines software. Also the paid version is a little newer than the demo one. Hans installed the version intended for the sun room Mac on his Mac so he can help you there in configuring it. > Also have we ordered the third license for Hans to access White Pines >and Intercon's NFS Share? As I mentioned before Hans has seized the sun-room pack. So I will order one for license of White-Pine for the sun-room. I am not sure about NFS share. I will check that. Atul From Thu Jan 18 16:27:34 1996 Date: Thu, 18 Jan 1996 15:39:04 -0500 From: Received: by (AIX 3.2/UCB 5.64/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA10103; Thu, 18 Jan 1996 15:39:04 -0500 Message-Id: <> To: Subject: some help needed... Cc: Status: RO Atul - I'm swimming in White Pines manuals and need somehelp to cut down the reading. Have installed the software and gotten the license code to be accepted. I assume since we had this working at one point that all the discussion about using MAC 320 to install .exodusSunrc on InP in the VLSIDACL account need not be followed. It must be there someplace. The manual tells me to then double click on the "sun rootless" settings file to start exodus. But there does not appear to be such a file in what the installer left on my MAC. I erased the demo version to make a cleaner install. Assuming we can locate this file it then tells us to select a client script and edit communications Later it asks us to select a REXEC or RSH to select the command processor that the SUN host is using, which is it? Right now none of the SUNs shows up on any of the network listings, at least in terms of their letter names, such as The program when told to connect to claims timeout occurs. I guess I need your help to get this thing running again. Jack From Thu Feb 8 04:48:08 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Thu, 08 Feb 1996 04:48:04 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Booting a Mac from a removable cartridge drive Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Pressing command-option-shift-delete at bootup will ignore to look at the internal hard drive for system folder. Atul From Fri Feb 16 15:47:00 1996 Date: Fri, 16 Feb 96 15:46:56 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA00680; Fri, 16 Feb 96 15:46:56 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: SunOS 4.1.3_U1 patches Cc:, Status: RO Hi Graham, Some of the latest installed software has been crashing us out of OpenWindows fairly regularly. Today, when somebody tried to run "Iview" on inp it just rebooted it. Running netscape also gives the same problem. Netscape FAQ says that the poblem goes away if we install all the patches for OpenWindows. I was poking around the net and found the following site containing official Sun's patches: "" Could you please upgrade our system to the latest patch? Thanks, Atul From Mon Feb 12 04:29:36 1996 Date: Mon, 12 Feb 96 04:29:33 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA01125; Mon, 12 Feb 96 04:29:33 EST Message-Id: <> To:,,,,, Subject: Semiannual pictures Cc: Status: RO I have put the HTML version of our report at the following address which can be accessed using the usual mouse clicks. The spring96 directory contains all the report figures as gif files. For example, figure 1 is image1.gif, figure2 -> image2.gif and so on. Now I encountered difficulty in converting some of the figures into gif or any other format. So if you take a look at our report you will find some figures missing from it. The corresponding imageXX.gif (XX = 1,...37) file will not be there in the spring96 directory. So please take a look at the HTML file using netscape and check to make sure that your pitures are there. If not, then you will have to generate a gif image, name it as the corresponding image file and put it in that directory with all the relevant read permissions. Don't worry about the links from the s96.html file. They are all there. Also, some pictures look too big if viewed from a PC or Mac. They seem fine on a SUN. I think people affected by this message are Pete (all the pictures), Steve, Sam/Cliff (1-2), and Matt (1 picture). One thing I could not do was generating a gif from a word drawing (drawing done inside word). good night. Atul From Mon Feb 12 18:28:37 1996 Date: Mon, 12 Feb 96 18:28:33 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA07842; Mon, 12 Feb 96 18:28:33 EST Message-Id: <> To:,,,,,, Subject: Word (or whatever) to HTML pitfalls Cc: Status: RO HI, Here is a compilation of thoughts on the conversion or HTML authoring process in future. Please add your comments too and pass it around. 1. Microsoft Word 6.0.X to HTML conversion is still not pinned down yet and will never be. The reason is that HTML standard will evolve in near future due to a battle for market share by extending it as much as possible. Currently, GIF and JPEG are the only two inline image formats supported. They might be augmented in future to PICT/TIFF/MPEG movies/Quicktime Movies. So you can never be sure what basic image format to support as we really don't generate our pictures in the current GIF/JPEG formats. 2. Another reason is that if a third party tries to convert Word into HTML, first of all, it doesn't support all the possible styles and also it will always be behind microsoft by a version difference. Microsoft itself is going to come out with an internet assistant (PC version is out, Macc will follow on Mar 31, 96) which is not that good right now but will definitely improve in future as is a usual Microsoft tactics. 3. At present, HOT METAL PRO, PageMill are the cheapest packages around which help in this conversion process. But, they are no alternative to "Authoring for HTML" in the first place, i.e., use the same word processor to write and convert in one step. Hopefully, Word will be setup for this before the next report comes around. 4. The latest version of Netscape 2.0 still doesn't support mathematical symbols even though HTML 3.0 has a specification for them. So either convert um to "micron" in your document or create a gif for the micron symbol. Same for any other relevant symbol like "Ohm". 5. Write now paragraph breaks don't get pasted well into Pagemill. So, if you want a paragraph specifically put a

tag there. 6. Pagemill doesn't support tables yet (HotMetal can though). So you will have to format tables by hand. 7. I was not able to copy drawings made inside Word using its own drawing tool to either PageMill or GifConverter on Mac. Later, Pete was able to copy them on the PC side to PaintShop Pro and converted them to GIF. 8. Another way to deal with the pictures which you are not able to copy from a Word document is to open the picture in its original drawing program such as PhotoShop. Pete installed/located a plug-in for Photoshop which can convert those pictures into GIF directly. 9. Another problem I saw was the increase in the size of a few pictures when viewed on a different platform. For example, Hans had generated a bitmap with a higher resolution, to aid in a good print, than the typical 72dpix72dpi. On Sun netscape it looks fine but on Mac the picture was fine inside Word but blew up to a very big size in netscape. The moral of this is that try to look at your document on a couple of different platforms to make sure they come all right. OR, make sure they should look good on ARPA platforms.

FTP Server on Mac

There are a couple of ftp servers available for Macs: ftpd NetPresenz These are stored in the network directoru on If needed they can be installed on any Mac with ease.

Using SIMMSAVER on PowerMac 6100/66

SIMMSAVER technology can provide you a SIMM doubler where you can insert two SIMMs into only one slot using their special board as the base. Power Mac 6100/66 has only two SIMM slots available. These can take a maximum of two SIMM doublers. Each SIMM doubler in turn can take a 4MB SIMM. So the maximum installed memory in those slots can be 4x4 = 16 MBs. As it happens those slots in the mac we have (gaas.cie) are already filled with a 8MB SIMM. So we can't expand its memory further. >If you have any more open slots, we could put the 4mb's into one socket. >The 8mb's will not work in the adapters. > >If you have any more question or concern please feel free to give us a call, >send us a Fax, Send us an E-mail or Brows our web page and use the more info >form. > >Our Office Hours are 8:30AM to 5:30PM Mon-Fri Central Standard Time. > > Thanks for your interest in SimmSaver Technology >Products. > > >Teri Dahlquist >Sales Supervisor >SimmSaver Technology Inc. >1822 E. First St. >Wichita, KS-67214 >Sales: 1-800-636-7281 >Tel: (316) 264-2244 >Fax: (316) 264-4445 >E-Mail: >WWW: From Wed Feb 7 15:29:45 1996 Date: Wed, 7 Feb 96 15:29:42 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA01586; Wed, 7 Feb 96 15:29:42 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: convert PpostScript to GIF Status: RO >From rpi!!!!!uunet!!!pattad Mon Apr 3 22:42:52 EDT 1995 Article: 30455 of comp.lang.postscript Newsgroups: comp.lang.postscript Path: rpi!!!!!uunet!!!pattad From: (David Pattarini. Goldman, Sachs & Co. New York.) Subject: Re: PS to GIF conversion ? Message-ID: Sender: (Netnews Administrator) Nntp-Posting-Host: Reply-To: Organization: Goldman, Sachs & Co X-Newsreader: TIN [version 1.2 PL2] References: <3ldqec$> Date: Sun, 2 Apr 1995 04:35:10 GMT Lines: 29 Xref: rpi comp.lang.postscript:30455 Erwin Bautens ( wrote: > I need a program that can transfer a Postscript file to a GIF or JPG file ? > I tried Ghostview and Ghostscript but without result . This works for me... #!/bin/sh # # Use Ghostscript to output PPM and then use PBM utils to convert to GIF for file do base=`basename $file .ps` outfile="$base.gif" echo $0: converting $file to $outfile... >&2 cat $file | gs -q -sDEVICE=ppm -sOutputFile=- - | ppmtogif >$outfile done exit 0 -- David +---------------------------------------------------------------+ | David Pattarini | | Goldman, Sachs & Co. 85 Broad St, New York, NY 10004, USA. | | Tel: 212 902 0305 Email: | +---------------------------------------------------------------+ From Fri Feb 9 17:14:54 1996 Date: Fri, 9 Feb 96 17:14:51 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA15573; Fri, 9 Feb 96 17:14:51 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: modem hang up problem Status: RO The problem is that the Macintosh connects two modem pins together, the result of this being that when the modem's buffer fills up, the modem is told to hang up. Putting &D0 in your modem init string stops the modem from doing this. From Wed Feb 21 06:02:26 1996 Date: Wed, 21 Feb 96 06:02:24 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA05999; Wed, 21 Feb 96 06:02:24 EST Message-Id: <> To: Status: RO Hi Hans, Did you experiment more with HotMetal? If you install it on the sun-PC I can test it out. Right now the external 500 MB disk drive has been converted into a big drive file as a C drive. I have installed complete MS Office on that and gotten rid of the older C and D drive file. I tried Web Publisher and my experiences are listed below. I found it a good product as it had some advanced features like archiving the HTML + Images into a single ZIP file for transfer to other machines. It could create a directory to carry the newly generated HTML+images. IT is not an HTML editor. The only problem is that it doesn't convert Word 6.0c. Whatever you can see using a Word6.0 on Windows is converted very well. Atul 1. When you run word on PC, the opening window shows the version number as 6.0. If you pull down the help menu and click on "About Word" it gives you the correct version number as 6.0c. 2. Looks like the current version of the Web Publisher converts only the word 6.0 format and it doesn't have the capability to convert the 6.0c format clearly. For example, you can open a word file in Word6.0c and see all the pictures (even those imported on the macintosh) clearly. When you convert this with Web Publisher it converts all the Macintosh side pictures into a blank box with "Need Word 6.0c to view Macintosh Pictures" text on it. 3. If you save a file in RTF format on Mac the Web publisher crashes on equations. 4. Also, I saw that Macintosh Word took only 11 MB for RTF with a 8.2 MB word file while PC Word took 19.5 MB for the same word file. The differnce could be due to converting those macintosh pictures in some PC format. 5. Both RTFmac and RTFpc look OK on screen though. 6. Though on RTFpc I still see one or two macintosh pictures (not all of them) not getting converted. 7. It probably doesn't convert mathematical characters either like micron symbol (test it out again). Maybe they can be inserted as a gif. From Fri Feb 23 01:30:34 1996 Date: Fri, 23 Feb 96 01:30:32 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA06811; Fri, 23 Feb 96 01:30:32 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: PageMill - Might work Status: RO Pagemill seems ok in transferring pictures. When you cut a picture from Word sometimes it doesn't show up in the clipboard for lack of memory though there was enough memory around. If it shows up in the clipboard it is fine. So try again. Also, see why JPEGVIEW is crashing Atul From daemon Sun Feb 25 21:59:27 1996 Date: Sun, 25 Feb 96 21:59:25 -0500 From: drhodes (Dave Rhodes) To: garg Subject: -192 error on Mac Status: RO A -192 eror occurs when you try to run a Power Mac only program on a 68k Mac. From Tue Feb 27 19:28:30 1996 Date: Tue, 27 Feb 96 19:28:28 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA02316; Tue, 27 Feb 96 19:28:28 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: Mac Info - SCSI Bus - 232 Kbits per sec Status: RO From Wed Feb 28 10:21:36 1996 Message-Id: <> Date: Wed, 28 Feb 1996 10:21:31 -0500 From: Atul Garg X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0 (Macintosh; I; 68K) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: Speed Disk Optimization Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Status: RO Jiun-Yee Yen wrote: > > In article , > (Peter Moran) wrote: > > > Has anybody had problems making a speed disk on a PPC 8500? After > > inserting a HD floppy I get a message saying the target volume is full. Is > > there any way around this? Am I missing something? I look forward to any > > comments. > > Peter Moran > > I'm not sure but I usually use speed disk like this way: > > 1. turn on ram disk in memory control panel (to about 6000K) > 2. restart w/ extension off, initialize the ram disk > 3. drag system, system enabler, finder and speed disk into ram disk > 4. start up w/ ram disk (it's better if extension off when you restart) > 5. give speed disk a huge partition (say, 6MB or 10 MB depanding on your > memory > configuration) > 6. launch speed disk with a very smooth and quick process > 7. after optimization, startup with HD, trash all the item in ram disk, > close ram disk and then restart with rebuild desktop.... > > that's it..!!!! > > -- > Jiun-Yee Yen Florida State University > Tallahassee------Capital of Sunshine State From Thu Feb 29 17:20:57 1996 Date: Thu, 29 Feb 96 17:20:54 EST From: Received: by (4.1/1.2-RPI-CIE) id AA25569; Thu, 29 Feb 96 17:20:54 EST Message-Id: <> To: Subject: delete preferences files for MS office on Hans' machine and then Status: RO reinstall from CDROM. Atul From Tue Mar 12 15:09:56 1996 Sender: garg Message-Id: <> Date: Tue, 12 Mar 1996 15:09:53 -0500 From: Atul Garg Organization: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute X-Mailer: Mozilla 2.0 (X11; I; SunOS 4.1.1 sun4c) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: Subject: 3M LS-120 Technology Press Release X-Url: Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="------------167EB0E72781E494446B9B3D" Status: RO This is a multi-part message in MIME format. --------------167EB0E72781E494446B9B3D Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit --------------167EB0E72781E494446B9B3D Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Disposition: inline; filename="press.html" [Image] Up to: |3M Home | 3M Market Centers | 3M Office |Computer Related Products |LS 120 Home Page| Called the New Standard in Diskette Technology 3M ANNOUNCES NEW LS-120 DISKETTE IN NORTH AMERICA; HAS 80 TIMES THE CAPACITY OF 1.44 MB STANDARD ST. PAUL, Minnesota (4 March 1996) -- 3M's Data Storage Products Division, which will form part of a new, publicly held, independent company to be launched this year, today announced that its LS-120 Diskette -- the new 3.5 inch diskette with a formatted capacity of 120 MB -- will be available on 2 April in North America. In a separate announcement, Compaq Computer Corporation, Houston, Texas, said today that in April it will begin offering LS-120 diskette drives to North American users as a standard feature in the new Pentium-based Compaq Deskpro 5133-1200/LS and Compaq Deskpro 5166-2000/LS personal computers. In addition, the LS-120 drive may be ordered separately as an option for all Compaq desktop business PCs. Compaq said availability of its PCs containing LS-120 drives in Latin America, Europe, South Africa and Asia Pacific will be announced later this year. 3M indicated is 120 MB diskettes will be available when Compaq makes these announcements. Compaq is the first PC maker to offer computers equipped with LS-120 technology. Other leading PC manufacturers are expected to incorporate LS-120 drives in their products later in 1996, according to 3M. The four companies involved in the LS-120 technology are Matsushita-Kotobuki Electronics Industries, Ltd. (MKE), Compaq, 3M and O.R. Technology. "These technology powerhouses are joining forces in an effort to deliver the next-generation floppy disk drive and provide the required support to build it into an industry standard," said Phil Devin, vice president and principal analyst, Dataquest, an industry analyst firm in San Jose, California. "If successful, they, and potentially others, could attain volumes in the tens of millions of drives." In its North American announcement, 3M said the suggested list price for its LS-120 Diskette is $19.99. The 120 MB diskettes will be available through 3M's network of authorized distributors. LS-120 technology provides seamless, bootable Windows 95 and Windows NT support, enabling users to employ familiar software commands. It presents users with the only commercial high-capacity diskette solution that is read and write backward-compatible to the existing installed base of 1.44 MB diskettes and 720 KB DOS-formatted diskettes. Moreover, an LS-120 drive can read and write a 1.44 MB diskette up to three times faster than a current 1.44 MB drive. "Backward compatibility is a major advantage of LS-120 technology," said Robert Abraham, vice president, Freeman Associates, Inc., an industry analyst firm in Santa Barbara, California. "Billions of 1.44 MB diskettes have been sold worldwide and users won't have to discard that investment as they upgrade to LS-120 technology." Enabling users to store up to 120 MB of data -- text, graphics, audio and video -- on a single diskette, LS-120 technology offers more than 80 times the capacity and up to five times the performance of the current 1.44 MB diskette technology. One 3M LS-120 Diskette can store tremendous amounts of data -- more than 7,000 business letters, about 1,000 years of income tax return data, or more than 100 average home pages downloaded from the Internet. "We believe LS-120 technology has a bright future in desktop systems, portable systems, workstations and servers," said Joe Phillips, business development manager, 3M Data Storage Products, St. Paul, Minnesota. "Increased capacity and performance combined with a familiar look and feel ensures that end users will be able to backup applications, store quantities of graphics and Internet images, transfer presentations and large data files -- swiftly and easily -- on a single diskette." "This joint development effort represents Compaq's commitment to deliver the latest available technology that is both highly useful and innovative," said Jerry Meerkatz, vice president, commercial desktop division, Compaq, Houston, Texas. "The LS-120 Diskette Drive provides an affordable and easy-to-use solution to business users who need to transfer large files, or back-up or archive information. Because we believe this storage device is the new standard for diskette drive technology, we will be including it as one of the features in two Deskpro models announced today, as well as offer it as an option." While the 3M LS-120 Diskette has the same shape and size as the standard 1.44 MB 3.5-inch diskette, it uses a combination of magnetic and optical technology to enable greater capacity and performance. Named after the laser servo technology it employs, LS-120 technology places optical reference tracks on the diskette that are both written and read by a laser system. The optical sensor in the drive allows the read-write head to be precisely positioned over the magnetic data tracks, enabling track densities of 2,490 data tracks per inch (tpi) versus the 135 tpi for a 1.44 MB diskette. 3M expects diskette drives based on LS-120 technology to be available as an internal upgrade for existing PCs as well as an external option. Additional announcements are anticipated by mid-1996, according to 3M's Phillips. "LS-120 technology sets a new standard for removable data storage on the desktop," said Phillips. "It provides users with a new diskette solution that keeps pace with today's demanding storage requirements." 3M is the world's largest supplier of branded diskettes and other removable recording media for backup, near-line, archival and secondary data storage, data transfer and software distribution. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3M Office ----- | Search | What's New | Communicate with 3M | Go to | 3M Home |3M Market Centers |3M Office | Copyright ) 1996 3M. All rights reserved. Deskpro is a trademark of Compaq Computer Corp. Windows 95 and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corp. --------------167EB0E72781E494446B9B3D-- From daemon Wed Sep 11 19:21:47 1996 Date: Wed, 11 Sep 96 19:21:45 -0400 From: garg (Atul Garg) To: garg Subject: Font problem on Windows95 Status: RO The Fonts directory inside C:\Windows contains all the fonts. I had to delete extraneous fonts installed by Coreldraw to get it to work. Atul --------------167EB0E72781E494446B9B3D Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii; name="q87746.htm" Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Disposition: inline; filename="q87746.htm" [Image] WordPerfect Loads Slowly After Installing CorelDRAW 3.0 Article ID: Q87746 Revision Date: 23-NOV-1994 The information in this article applies to: - Microsoft Windows operating system versions 3.1, 3.11 SYMPTOMS After running the CorelDRAW 3.0 Setup program from the CD-ROM, it may take up to 15 minutes to start WordPerfect for Windows. WordPerfect for Windows may also start slowly when you select a printer driver in WordPerfect for Windows. CAUSE When installing CorelDRAW 3.0 from the CD, it will add approximately 250 TrueType fonts (unless otherwise specified). These fonts are added to any existing font packages installed, such as the TrueType font pack or the standard set of Windows 3.1 TrueType fonts. When WordPerfect is started, it looks for a .WRS printer file. If this file is not available, it will create one. The .WRS file is also updated whenever the Windows printer driver settings are changed (including changing paper orientation, size, source, and the available fonts). The large number of fonts installed by CorelDRAW are what cause the very long start time for WordPerfect for Windows. WordPerfect is translating the Windows 3.1 printer driver settings into a format that WordPerfect can use. Either of the following two workarounds prevent WordPerfect from reading the fonts in the WIN.INI file, allowing WordPerfect to start normally. WORKAROUND Workaround One - If the WordPerfect for Windows version date is 11-4-91, make sure the following line is added to the [COMPATIBILITY] section of the WIN.INI file: Win2wrs=0x01210 - If the WordPerfect for Windows version date is 4-30-92, make sure the above line is removed from the [COMPATIBILITY] section of the WIN.INI file. The installation program should remove the line from the section. Workaround Two Set the attribute on all .WRS printer files to read-only by using the MS-DOS Attrib command: attrib +r *.wrs For more information on the maximum number of TrueType fonts, query on the following words in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: TrueType and font and max The products included here, CorelDRAW and WordPerfect for Windows, are manufactured by vendors independent of Microsoft; we make no warranty, implied or otherwise, regarding these products' performance or reliability. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- KBCategory: kb3rdparty KBSubcategory: win31 Additional reference words: 3.10 TrueType font max 3.11 tt ttf WIN.INI compact disk disc 3rdparty THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE MICROSOFT KNOWLEDGE BASE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. MICROSOFT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES SO THE FOREGOING LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY. Copyright Microsoft Corporation 1994. --------------167EB0E72781E494446B9B3D-- From Tue Oct 29 15:13:59 1996 Sender: garg Message-Id: <> Date: Tue, 29 Oct 1996 15:13:56 -0500 From: Atul Garg Organization: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute X-Mailer: Mozilla 3.0 (X11; I; SunOS 4.1.3_U1 sun4m) Mime-Version: 1.0 To: garg Subject: Macintosh Type 11 Errors Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="------------15FB748359E2B6001CFBAE39" Status: RO This is a multi-part message in MIME format. --------------15FB748359E2B6001CFBAE39 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit --------------15FB748359E2B6001CFBAE39 Content-Type: text/html; charset=us-ascii; name="960613-21.html" Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit Content-Disposition: inline; filename="960613-21.html" Content-Base: " 613-21.html" Macintosh Type 11 Errors

Macintosh Type 11 Errors

Issue Number: 960613-21 Product: Navigator, Navigator Gold
Created on: 05/25/96 Version: All
Does this article answer your question? Yes No

Notes on Type 11 errors:
A Type 11 error means an illegal interrupt vector on a 680x0 machine. On a Power
Macintosh, a Type 11 error is any exception in native code not handled by one of the installed
exception handlers. On a Power Macintosh, a Type 11 error can be almost any error that
occurred in native code. Type 11 errors may include:

* an address error
* a bus error
* an illegal instruction error that occurred in native code

These errors are related to the famous type 1 error that occurs when
data is left at an address by a program, and isn't there when the program wants to retrieve it later. 

On a PowerMac, type 11 errors have almost entirely replaced type 1 errors. 

The errors are often caused by extensions and/or control panels moving things around in memory. 

It can also be caused by the use of ram that is too slow for the machine, 
or by a mixture of ram speeds inside the machine. 

Possible Solutions:
* Rebooting will clear the RAM, and holding down CMD-P-R will clear the PRAM.  

* Type 11 errors are often seen when Virtual memory is on.
  Go to your Control Panel and make sure the Virtual Memory is off. If you are using either RamDoubler 
  or OptiMem, make sure they are disabled.

If problems persist follow these "Basics"

1. Rebuild the desktop (see + below)
2. Give Netscape more memory
3. Trash Netscape Preferences, the Cache folder, and NewsFAT
4. Increase the Disk Cache
5. Run MacTools or Norton Disk Doctor
6. Increase Netscape's buffer size & decrease the maximum number of connections
7. Upgrade to MacTCP 2.0.6
8. Reinstall MacTCP or MacPPP

+ To rebuild the Desktop: Restart your computer while holding down the "option" and "open-apple" keys simultaneously.

Does this article answer your question? Yes No

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