An Update to the Optimized Carry Select Adder discussed in the F-RISC Spring Semiannual Roprt


Since the writing of the Spring Semiannual Report, work has continued on improving the optimized carry select adder. Recent results indicate that our 500 ps is reachable, with critical path delays down to 410 ps.

Actions Taken

Three main courses were followed to inprove the performance of the adder:

Changing the interval to 2 bits per stage.

Through SPICE analysis, it was determined that the original estimate that the multiplexor delay equaled the gate delay was in error. Typical delays turned out to be 30 ps per gate and 66 ps per multiplexor. Approximating the ration of delays as 2 to 1 yields a new stage size sequence of 5-7-9-11.

Increasing emitter follower and current trees to use 2.0 mA.

Increasing the current through a current switch will decrease the switching time.

Isolating the carry and sum multiplexors with superbuffers.

The longest paths through the adder all go through several of the carry multiplexors. The carry signals which come out of the multiplexors drive not only the next carry multiplexor but the sum multiplexors as well. As each stage increases in size, the carry line must drive more loads and longer interconnect as well. The carry signals have been split in two: one line drives the carry multiplexor and a superbuffer which drives the second line connected to all the sum multiplexors for that stage. The line which connects one carry multiplexor to the next will therefore only drive two loads at a time.

Improved Adder Data

Delays for important signals

Input of least signiftcant bit
Output of most significant bita (Level 2)b (level 3)cin (Level 2)
cout (Level 2)371 ps478 ps228 ps
s (level 1)402 ps410 ps260 ps

SPICE Results from Improved Adder


Last Updated: 4/8/96