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Paper and Talk Awards

  1. Winner (2nd place), GISCUP 2015:
    Salles V. G. Magalhães, Marcus V. A. Andrade, W. Randolph Franklin and Wenli Li. Fast path planning under polygonal obstacle constraints. In 4th GIS-focused algorithm competition, GISCUP 2015, co-located with ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS, Bellevue WA USA, 4 Nov 2015. (paper).
  2. Winner of the Best Paper Award (2nd place), AGILE 2012:
    Salles V. G. Magalhães, Marcus V. A. Andrade, W. Randolph Franklin and Guilherme C. Pena. A new method for computing the drainage network based on raising the level of an ocean surrounding the terrain. In Jérome Gensel and Didier Josselin and Danny Vandenbroucke, editor, Bridging the Geographic Information Sciences: International AGILE'2012 Conference, pages 391-407. Springer, 24-27 April 2012. (URL) (paper, talk).
  3. Winner of best paper award, Geoinfo 2013:
    Chaulio R. Ferreira, Marcus V. A. Andrade, Salles V. G. Magalhães, W. R. Franklin and Guilherme C. Pena. A Parallel Sweep Line Algorithm for Visibility Computation. In Geoinfo 2013, XIV Brazilian Symposium on GeoInformatics, Campos do Jordão, SP, Brazil, 24-27 Nov 2013. (paper).
  4. Winner of the best fast forward presentation award, ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS 2009:
    Tsz-Yam Lau, You Li, Zhongyi Xie and W. Randolph Franklin. Sea Floor Bathymetry Trackline Surface Fitting Without Visible Artifacts Using ODETLAP. In 17th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems (ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS 2009), Seattle WA USA, 4-6 Nov 2009. (paper, video, talk: pptx, pdf, poster: pptx, pdf).

Research Summary

Geometry has been my overriding interest since high school in the 1960s. Geometry is the "branch of mathematics that deals with the measurement, properties, and relationships of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids" (Merriam–Webster dictionary). The Geo in geometry is from the Greek Γη meaning, ''earth, ground, land''. (The American Heritage� Book of English Usage). My major recently concluded project was Geo*, a DARPA–funded project for representing and operating on terrain, that is, elevation.

My big long-term unsolved problem is to devise a mathematics of terrain, which would respect its physical properties. To date, I've been nibbling around the edges.

One recently ended project (Cutler, Zimmie, Franklin. NSF CMMI-0835762: CDI-Type I: Fundamental Terrain Representations and Operations) attempted to predict how erosion occurs in levee failure by overtopping, and, after a failure, to reverse-simulate what happened.

A earlier major project was Geo*, funded by DARPA, studied representing and operating on terrain, that is, elevation.

I've applied the same underlying principles in Computational Geometry producing algorithms useful for large datasets, mostly in 3D, and usually implemented.

Both topics are applications of my long term theme of emphasizing small, simple, and fast data structures and algorithms. Note that efficiency in both space and time can become more important as machines get faster. This research is applicable to computational cartography, computer graphics, computational geometry, and geographic information science.

16 PhD students (7 currently employed at a college), and 68 masters students have been graduated under my advisement, (names and theses).

My research has been externally funded by the National Science Foundation under Grants ENG-7908139, ECS-8021504, ECS-8351942, CCF-9102553, CCF-0306502, DMS-0327634, CMMI-0835762 and IIS-1117277 by DARPA/DSO, via the NGA, under the GeoStar program, by the US Army Topographic Engineering Center, and by IBM, Sun Microsystems, and Schlumberger-Doll Research.

Many of the algorithms have been implemented. The code is available for nonprofit research and education. RPI Computer graphics group

  • A 2-slide summary of my research is here.
  • A good summary talk is this:

Geometric Operations on Millions of Objects.

  • An overview talk of the future of the field is my keynote talk at GeoInfo 2013, XIV Brazilian Symposium on GeoInformatics.
  • Some research results that I particularly like are here.

Research on Terrain Visibility, Viewshed, Observer Siting

Given a large DEM terrain, we have efficient parallel (using both OpenMP and CUDA) algorithms to compute

  1. the viewshed of an observer,
  2. the visibility index, i.e., the viewshed's area, of every point,
  3. how to site multiple observers to jointly cover the most terrain, perhaps while requiring the observers to be intervisible.

Here is some of our published work. There are links to papers and talks.

  1. Chaulio R. Ferreira, Marcus V. A. Andrade, Salles V. G. Magalhães and W. Randolph Franklin. An efficient external memory algorithm for terrain viewshed computation. ACM Trans. on Spatial Algorithms and Systems, 2016. (to appear). (paper).
  2. Max J Egenhofer, Keith C Clarke, Song Gao, Teriitutea Quesnot, W. Randolph Franklin, May Yuan and David Coleman. Contributions of GIScience over the Past Twenty Years. In Harlan Onsrud and Werner Kuhn, editor, Advancing Geographic Information Science: The Past and Next Twenty Years, pages 9-34. GSDI association press, 2016. (paper).
  3. Mehrad Kamalzare, Thomas F. Zimmie, Barbara Cutler and W. Randolph Franklin. A New Visualization Method to Evaluate Sediment Transport and Erosion. Geotechnical Testing Journal, 39(3), May 2016. (paper).
  4. Mehrad Kamalzare, Thomas F. Zimmie, Zhongxian Chen, Christopher Stuetzle, Barbara Cutler and W Randolph Franklin. Computer Erosion Modeling Considering Soil Hydraulic Conductivity. Journal of Geotechnical and Transportation Engineering, 1(1), 22 June 2015. http://jgtte.com/issues/Online/Paper%201.pdf. (paper).
  5. Maurício G. Gruppi, Salles V. G. Magalhães, Marcus V. A. Andrade, W. Randolph Franklin and Wenli Li. Using Rational Numbers and Parallel Computing to Efficiently Avoid Round-Off Errors on Map Simplification. In Geoinfo 2015, XVI Brazilian Symposium on GeoInformatics, Campos do Jordão, SP, Brazil, 29 Nov - 2 Dec 2015. (paper, talk).
  6. Salles V. G. Magalhães, Marcus V. A. Andrade, W. Randolph Franklin and Wenli Li. Fast path planning under polygonal obstacle constraints. In 4th GIS-focused algorithm competition, GISCUP 2015, co-located with ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS, Bellevue WA USA, 4 Nov 2015. Winner (2nd place). (paper).
  7. Salles V. G. Magalhães, Marcus V. A. Andrade, W. Randolph Franklin and Wenli Li. Fast exact parallel map overlay using a two-level uniform grid. In 4th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Workshop on Analytics for Big Geospatial Data (BigSpatial), Bellevue WA USA, 3 Nov 2015. (paper).
  8. Thiago L. Gomes, Salles V. G. Magalhães, Marcus V. A. Andrade, W. Randolph Franklin and Guilherme C. Pena. Efficiently computing the drainage network on massive terrains with an external memory flooding process. Geoinformatica, Apr 2015. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10707-015-0225-y. (paper).
  9. Guilherme C. Pena, Marcus V.A. Andrade, Salles V.G. Magalhães, W. R. Franklin and Chaulio R. Ferreira. An Improved Parallel Algorithm using GPU for Siting Observers on Terrain. In 16th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems (ICEIS 2014), pages 367-375, Lisbon, 27-30 April 2014. (paper, talk).
  10. Chaulio R. Ferreira, Marcus V. A. Andrade, Salles V. G. Magalhães, W. R. Franklin and Guilherme C. Pena. A parallel algorithm for viewshed computation on grid terrains. Journal of information and data management, 5(1), 2014. invited. (paper).
  11. Guilherme Pena, Salles Magalhães, Marcus Andrade, Randolph Franklin, Chaulio Ferreira, Wenli Li and Daniel Benedetti. An efficient GPU multiple-observer siting method based on sparse-matrix multiplication. In 3rd ACM SIGSPATIAL International Workshop on Analytics for Big Geospatial Data (BigSpatial) 2014, Dallas TX USA, 4 Nov 2014. (paper, talk).
  12. Wenli Li, W. Randolph Franklin, Daniel N. Benedetti and Salles V. G. Magalhães. Parallel Multiple Observer Siting on Terrain. In 22nd ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems (ACM SIGSPATIAL 2014), Dallas, Texas, USA, 4-7 Nov 2014. (paper, poster).
  13. Chaulio R. Ferreira, Marcus V. A. Andrade, Salles V. G. Magalhães, W. R. Franklin and Guilherme C. Pena. A Parallel Sweep Line Algorithm for Visibility Computation. In Geoinfo 2013, XIV Brazilian Symposium on GeoInformatics, Campos do Jordão, SP, Brazil, 24-27 Nov 2013. Winner of best paper award, http://www.geoinfo.info/geoinfo2013/index.php. (paper).
  14. Salles V. G. Magalhães, Marcus V. A. Andrade and W. Randolph Franklin. Multiple Observer Siting in Huge Terrains Stored in External Memory. International Journal of Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management (IJCISIM), 3, 2011. (paper).
  15. Marcus V. A. Andrade, Salles V. G. Magalhães, Mirella A. Magalhães, W. Randolph Franklin and Barbara M. Cutler. Efficient viewshed computation on terrain in external memory. Geoinformatica, 2010. (online 26 Nov 2009). (URL) (paper).
  16. Daniel M. Tracy, W. Randolph Franklin, Barbara Cutler , Marcus A Andrade, Franklin T Luk, Metin Inanc and Zhongyi Xie. Multiple observer siting and path planning on lossily compressed terrain. In Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 6697 Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations XVII, San Diego CA. International Society for Optical Engineering, 27 August 2007. paper 6697-16. (paper).
  17. Daniel M. Tracy, W Randolph Franklin and Franklin Luk. Multiple Observer Siting on a Compressed Terrain (extended abstract). In 16th Fall Workshop on Computational Geometry, Smith College, Northampton MA, 10-11 Nov 2006. (abstract, poster).
  18. W. Randolph Franklin and Christian Vogt. Tradeoffs when multiple observer siting on large terrain cells. In Andreas Riedl and Wolfgang Kainz and Gregory Elmes, editor, Progress in Spatial Data Handling: 12th International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, pages 845-861. Springer, 2006. ISBN 978-3-540-35588-5. (paper, talk).
  19. W. Randolph Franklin and Christian Vogt. Efficient observer siting on large terrain cells (extended abstract). In GIScience 2004: Third International Conference on Geographic Information Science, U Maryland College Park, 20-23 Oct 2004. (paper, talk).
  20. W. Randolph Franklin. Siting observers on terrain. In Dianne Richardson and Peter van Oosterom, editor, Advances in Spatial Data Handling: 10th International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, pages 109-120, 2002. (paper).
  21. W. Randolph Franklin. Approximating visibility. In GIScience 2000, Savannah, Georgia, USA, 30 Oct 2000. (paper).
  22. Wm Randolph Franklin and Clark Ray. Higher isn't Necessarily Better: Visibility Algorithms and Experiments. In Thomas C. Waugh and Richard G. Healey, editor, Advances in GIS Research: Sixth International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, pages 751-770, Edinburgh. The International Geographical Union's Commission on Geographical Information Systems and The Association for Geographic Information, 5-9 Sept 1994. (paper).

Here are some related papers on 3D object visibility:

  1. Wm Randolph Franklin and Mohan Kankanhalli. Parallel Object-Space Hidden Surface Removal. In Proceedings of SIGGRAPH'90, pages 87-94, Aug 1990. (paper).
  2. Wm Randolph Franklin and Varol Akman. Adaptive Grid for polyhedral visibility in object space, an implementation. Computer Journal, 31(1):56-60, Feb 1988. (paper).
  3. Wm Randolph Franklin. A linear time exact hidden surface algorithm. In Kenneth I. Joy and others, editor, Tutorial: Computer Graphics: Image Synthesis, pages 218-224. , 1988.
  4. Wm Randolph Franklin and Varol Akman. A simple and efficient haloed line algorithm for hidden line elimination. Computer Graphics Forum, 6(2):103-109, May 1987. (paper).
  5. Wm Randolph Franklin. An exact hidden sphere algorithm that operates in linear time. Comput. Graph. Image Process., 15:364-379, 1981. (paper).
  6. Wm Randolph Franklin. A linear time exact hidden surface algorithm. Comput. Graph., 14(3):117-123, 1980. (paper).
  7. Wm Randolph Franklin. Combinatorics of hidden surface algorithms. . PhD thesis, Center for Research in Computing Technology, Harvard Univ., Jun 1978. (parts: 1, 2, 3, 4).
  8. W. Randolph Franklin. Prism — A Prism Plotting Program. In Allan H. Schmidt, editor, Mapping Software and Cartographic Data Bases, pages 75-79. , 1979.
  9. Wm Randolph Franklin and Harry R. Lewis. 3-D Graphic Display of Discrete Spatial Data By Prism Maps. In Proc. SIGGRAPH'78, pages 70-75, Aug 1978. (paper).

Enjoy!

More Research Details

These are on a separate page, whose table of contents follows.


Misc